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El Proceso Colombiano de Desindustrialización

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  • Juan José Echavarría

    ()

  • Mauricio Villamizar

    ()

  • colaboración Juanita González

Abstract

El proceso colombiano de industrialización tuvo corta duración. El despegue comenzó en la década de los años 1930s, cuarenta años más tarde que en Argentina, Brasil, Chile o México, y la industria (especialmente la moderna) perdió dinamismo desde los 1960s (empleo) y 1970s (producción). Se trata de dinámicas mundiales parcialmente relacionadas con la productividad relativa del sector y con el impacto de la política económica. La política económica jugó un papel central en la dinámica de la industria. El bajo desarrollo del sector financiero ha restringido el crecimiento del sector, obligando a las firmas a depender exageradamente de utilidades reinvertidas costosas, aún cuando la liberalización financiera de los 1990s tuvo un impacto positivo en materia de productividad. Algo similar sucedió con la apertura arancelaria y paraarancelaria adoptada en ese mismo período. La evidencia empírica confirma que hoy se cuenta con un sector industrial moderno mucho más competitivo, preparado para afrontar el reto de la globalización.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 361.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:361

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  10. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-deSilanes & Andrei Shleifer, 2000. "Government Ownership of Banks," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1890, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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  1. > Economic History > Regional Economic History > Latin American Economic History > Economic History of Colombia
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Cited by:
  1. Carlos Esteban Posada & Jorge Andrés Tamayo, 2008. "La transición hacia una economía urbana y el aumento del producto per cápita: el caso colombiano del siglo XX desde la perspectiva de Lucas," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005111, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2011. "¿Puede ser considerado el auge antioqueño de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX un modelo de desarrollo económico local?
    [Can be considered the Antioquian economic takeoff during the second half of
    ," MPRA Paper 35627, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2012. "Crecimiento económico de largo plazo en Antioquia, Colombia: Estimación del PIB. 1800-1913
    [Long term economic growth in Antioquia, Colombia: GDP estimates. 1800-1913]
    ," MPRA Paper 40041, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Luis Armando Blanco, 2013. "Hirschman: un gran científico social," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 15(28), pages 47-64, January-J.
  5. Jorge Iván González, 2003. "Juan Luis Londoño: ideas para la acción," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 5(8), pages 223-239, January-J.

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