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Avaliação De Políticas Comerciais Em Modelos De Equilíbrio Geral Com Pressuposições Alternativas Quanto Aos Retornos À Escala

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  • Antônio Carvalho Campos
  • Angelo Costa Gurgel

Abstract

This paper presents an applied general equilibrium model used to quantify the impacts of trade policies on Brazil and its trade partners, under alternative assumptions of constante returns and perfect competition and economies of scale and imperfect competition. The results suggest that the welfare impacts are larger when economies of scale and imperfect competition are modeled. The exploitation of economies of scale contributes to this result, through rationalization and pro-competitive effects on the Brazilian industries. Also, decreasing in comsumer prices and increasing in returns of primary factors are larger under assumptions of economies of scale and imperfect competition.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its series Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] with number 106.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:106

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  1. Richard Harris, 1983. "Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of Small Open Economies with Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition," Working Papers 524, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  2. Harrison, Glenn W. & Rutherford, Thomas F. & Tarr, David G., 2001. "Chile's regional arrangements and the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas : the importance of market access," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2634, The World Bank.
  3. Rutherford, Thomas F, 1999. "Applied General Equilibrium Modeling with MPSGE as a GAMS Subsystem: An Overview of the Modeling Framework and Syntax," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 14(1-2), pages 1-46, October.
  4. Markusen, James R. & Rutherford, Thomas F. & Hunter, Linda, 1995. "Trade liberalization in a multinational-dominated industry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1-2), pages 95-117, February.
  5. Ângelo Costa Gurgel & Mayra Batista Bitencourt & Erly Cardoso teixeira, 2002. "Impactos dos Acordos de Liberalização Comercial Alca e Mercoeuro sobre os Países Membros," Revista Brasileira de Economia, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 56(2), pages 335-369, April.
  6. Rutherford, Thomas F., 1995. "Extension of GAMS for complementarity problems arising in applied economic analysis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 19(8), pages 1299-1324, November.
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