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Household Food Security in the United States in 2011

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Author Info

  • Coleman-Jensen, Alisha
  • Nord, Mark
  • Andrews, Margaret S.
  • Carlson, Steven

Abstract

An estimated 85.1 percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2011, meaning that they had access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households (14.9 percent) were food insecure at least some time during the year, including 5.7 percent with very low food security—meaning that the food intake of one or more household members was reduced and their eating patterns were disrupted at times during the year because the household lacked money and other resources for food. The prevalence rate of very low food security increased from 5.4 percent in 2010, returning to the level observed in 2008 and 2009. The change in food insecurity overall (from 14.5 percent in 2010) was not statistically significant. The typical food-secure household spent 24 percent more on food than the typical food-insecure household of the same size and household composition. Fifty-seven percent of all food-insecure households participated in one or more of the three largest Federal food and nutrition assistance programs during the month prior to the 2011 survey.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Research Report with number 134715.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:134715

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Related research

Keywords: Food security; food insecurity; food spending; food pantry; soup kitchen; emergency kitchen; material well-being; SNAP; Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Health Economics and Policy;

References

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  1. Steven T. Yen & Margaret Andrews & Zhuo Chen & David B. Eastwood, 2008. "Food Stamp Program Participation and Food Insecurity: An Instrumental Variables Approach," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 90(1), pages 117-132.
  2. Nord, Mark, 2005. "Measuring U.S. Household Food Security," Amber Waves, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, April.
  3. Bruce D. Meyer & Wallace K. C. Mok & James X. Sullivan, 2009. "The Under-Reporting of Transfers in Household Surveys: Its Nature and Consequences," NBER Working Papers 15181, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2002. "Household Food Security In The United States, 2001," Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports 33865, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  5. Caroline Ratcliffe & Signe-Mary McKernan & Sisi Zhang, 2011. "How Much Does the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Reduce Food Insecurity?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1082-1098.
  6. Coleman-Jensen, Alisha & Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2011. "Household Food Security in the United States in 2010," Economic Research Report 118021, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  7. Parke Wilde & Mark Nord, 2005. "The Effect of Food Stamps on Food Security: A Panel Data Approach ," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 27(3), pages 425-432.
  8. Nord, Mark, 2009. "Food Spending Declined and Food Insecurity Increased for Middle-Income and Low-Income Households From 2000 to 2007," Economic Information Bulletin 56627, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  9. Andrews, Margaret S. & Nord, Mark, 2001. "Food Security Is Improving in the United States," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33641, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  10. Nord, Mark, 2009. "Food Insecurity in Households with Children: Prevalence, Severity, and Household Characteristics," Economic Information Bulletin 58616, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  11. Craig Gundersen & Victor Oliveira, 2001. "The Food Stamp Program and Food Insufficiency," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(4), pages 875-887.
  12. Nord, Mark & Bickel, Gary, 2002. "Measuring Children'S Food Security In U.S. Households, 1995-99," Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports 33801, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  13. Nord, Mark & Golla, Anne Marie, 2009. "Does SNAP Decrease Food Insecurity? Untangling the Self-Selection Effect," Economic Research Report 55955, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Buzby, Jean & Farah-Wells, Hodan & Hyman, Jeffrey, 2014. "The Estimated Amount, Value, and Calories of Postharvest Food Losses at the Retail and Consumer Levels in the United States," Economic Information Bulletin 164262, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  2. Charlotte Cabili & Esa Eslami & Ronette Briefel, 2013. "White Paper on the Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 7904, Mathematica Policy Research.
  3. Robynn Cox & Sally Wallace, 2013. "The Impact of Incarceration on Food Insecurity among Households with Children," Working Papers 1448, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
  4. Millimet, Daniel L. & Roy, Manan, 2013. "Partial Identification of the Long-Run Causal Effect of Food Security on Child Health," IZA Discussion Papers 7457, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. repec:mpr:mprres:7366 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. James Mabli, 2014. "SNAP Participation, Food Security, and Geographic Access to Food," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 8083, Mathematica Policy Research.
  7. Yonatan Ben-Shalom & Mary Kay Fox & P.K. Newby, 2012. "Characteristics and Dietary Patterns of Healthy and Less-Healthy Eaters in the Low-Income Population," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 7386, Mathematica Policy Research.
  8. Blumenthal, Susan & Hoffnagle, Elena & Leung, Cindy & Lofink, Hayley & Jensen, Helen H. & Foerster, Susan & Cheung, Lilian & Nestle, Marion & Willett, Walter, 2013. "Strategies to improve the dietary qualtiy of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) beneficiaries: an assessment of stakeholder opinions," Staff General Research Papers 37403, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  9. Deokrye Baek, . "The Effect of Public Transportation Accessibility on Food Insecurity," Departmental Working Papers 2013-02, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.
  10. Nord, Mark, 2013. "Effects of the Decline in the Real Value of SNAP Benefits From 2009 to 2011," Economic Research Report 155384, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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