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Food Insecurity in Households with Children: Prevalence, Severity, and Household Characteristics

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Author Info

  • Nord, Mark

Abstract

Eighty-four percent of U.S. households with children were food secure throughout 2007, meaning that they had consistent access to adequate food for active, healthy lives for all household members. Nearly 16 percent of households with children were food insecure sometime during the year, including 8.3 percent in which children were food insecure and 0.8 percent in which one or more children experienced very low food security—the most severe food-insecure condition measured by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Numerous studies suggest that children in food-insecure households have higher risks of health and development problems than children in otherwise similar food-secure households. This study found that about 85 percent of households with food-insecure children had a working adult, including 70 percent with a full-time worker. Fewer than half of households with food-insecure children included an adult educated past high school. Thus, job opportunities and wage rates for less educated workers are important factors affecting the food security of children. In 2007, Federal food and nutrition assistance programs provided benefits to four out of five low-income, food-insecure households with children.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Information Bulletin with number 58616.

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Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uersib:58616

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Related research

Keywords: Food Security; food insecurity; hunger; children; SNAP; Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; WIC; National School Lunch Program; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety;

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Cited by:
  1. Ronette Briefel & Ann Collins & Anne Wolf, 2013. "Impact of the Summer Electronic Benefits Transfer for Children (SEBTC) Demonstration on Children's Nutritional Status," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 7963, Mathematica Policy Research.
  2. James Mabli, 2014. "SNAP Participation and Urban and Rural Food Security," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 8084, Mathematica Policy Research.
  3. Coleman-Jensen, Alisha & Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2011. "Household Food Security in the United States in 2011," Economic Research Report 134715, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  4. Ames, Allison J. & Ames, Glenn C.W. & Houston, Jack E. & Angioloni, Simone, 2013. "Food Insecurity and Educational Achievement: A Multilevel Generalization of Poisson Regression," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150167, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  5. Nord, Mark & Parker, Lynn, 2010. "How adequately are food needs of children in low-income households being met?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1175-1185, September.
  6. Coleman-Jensen, Alisha & Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2011. "Household Food Security in the United States in 2010," Economic Research Report 118021, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  7. Houston, Jack E. & Marzette, Audrianna A. & Ames, Glenn C.W. & Ames, Allison Jennifer, 2013. "Food Insecurity, the National School Lunch Program and Educational Achievement: Evidence from Georgia's Public Schools," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 44(1), March.

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