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Australian Sheep Industry CRC: Economic Evaluations of Scientific Research Programs

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  • Vere, David T.
  • Griffith, Garry R.
  • Silvester, Luke T.
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    Abstract

    By the end of its seven-year term in 2007-08, the Australian Sheep Industry CRC (Sheep CRC) will have received total funds of about $90 million, that comprises Commonwealth and industry funding of $30 million, and in-kind contributions valued at $60 million. This level of public and private funding emphasises the need for the Sheep CRC to demonstrate that its research programs will generate sound economic returns to all stakeholders. This paper reports an evaluation of the potential economic value of the achievements of the Sheep CRC at the midpoint of its term of operations at which it has some completed research and a large volume of research in progress. The main question that has been addressed in this evaluation concerns the nature and likely magnitude of the potential benefits relative to the costs of their realisation. The economic methods and other procedures that were used to answer this question, the evaluation scenarios and the results obtained are described. Based on the defined with- and without-Sheep CRC evaluation scenarios, the ‘bottom-line’ result was that the Sheep CRC’s scientific research programs have the potential to deliver a total incremental benefit with a 20-year net present value (NPV) of $191.3 million, and a total benefit-cost ratio (BCR) of 8.1:1 (both at a 5% real rate of discount), indicating that the Sheep CRC’s total research investment over all programs has the potential to return about $8 for every $1 of research investment funds.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists in its series Research Reports with number 42651.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:nswprr:42651

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    Fax: 02-6391 3650
    Web page: http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/10550
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    Related research

    Keywords: sheep research; economic evaluations; economic-surplus- benefit-cost analysis.; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160;

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    References

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    1. Vere, D. T. & Griffith, G. R., 2004. "Structural econometric modelling in Australia's livestock production and marketing systems: the potential benefits of model integration for industry analysis," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 115-131, August.
    2. Ian Shaw & John Shaffer & V. Premakumar, 1997. "Policy and Forecasting Models for the Chinese, South Korean, Australian, and European Union Meat Sectors," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications 97-tr35, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
    3. Mounter, Stuart W. & Griffith, Garry R. & Piggott, Roley R., 2005. "The Payoff from Generic Advertising by the Australian Pig Industry in the Presence of Trade," Australasian Agribusiness Review, University of Melbourne, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, vol. 13.
    4. Harberger, Arnold C, 1971. "Three Basic Postulates for Applied Welfare Economics: An Interpretive Essay," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 785-97, September.
    5. Ma, Hengyun & Huang, Jikun & Rozelle, Scott & Rae, Allan N., 2003. "Livestock Product Consumption Patterns In Urban And Rural China," China Agriculture Project Working Papers 23689, Massey University, Centre for Applied Economics and Policy Studies.
    6. Mullen, John D. & Alston, Julian M. & Wohlgenant, Michael K., 1989. "The Impact Of Farm And Processing Research On The Australian Wool Industry," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 33(01), April.
    7. Griffith, G. R. & Vere, D. T. & Bootle, B. W., 1995. "An integrated approach to assessing the farm and market level impacts of new technology adoption in Australian lamb production and marketing systems: The case of large, lean lamb," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 175-198.
    8. Marshall, Graham R. & Brennan, John P., 2001. "Issues in benefit-cost analysis of agricultural research projects," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 45(2), June.
    9. Ian Shaw & John Shaffer & V. Premakumar, 1997. "Policy and Forecasting Models for the Chinese, South Korean, Australian, and European Union Meat Sectors," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 97-tr35, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    10. Zhao, Xueyan & Mullen, John D. & Griffith, Garry R. & Griffiths, William E. & Piggott, Roley R., 2000. "An Equilibrium Displacement Model of the Australian Beef Industry," Research Reports 28007, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    11. Templeton, Deborah J. & Griffith, Garry R. & Piggott, Roley R. & O'Donnell, Christopher J., 2004. "Measuring the Impact of Staple Strength-Enhancing Technologies on Australian Wool Producer Profits: A Duality-Based Approach," Working Papers 12922, University of New England, School of Economics.
    12. Hill, D. J. & Piggott, R. R. & Griffith, G. R., 2001. "Profitability of incremental generic promotion of Australian dairy products," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 26(3), pages 253-266, December.
    13. Lawrence, Denis & McKay, Lloyd, 1980. "Inputs, Outputs And Productivity Change In The Australian Sheep Industry," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 24(01), April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Griffith, Garry R. & Parnell, Peter F. & McKiernan, William A., 2005. "The Economic, Environmental and Social Benefits to NSW from Investment in the CRC for Beef Genetics Technologies," Research Reports 42654, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.

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