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Georeferenced Assessment of Trade Liberalization Effects on Agriculture in Ecuador

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Author Info

  • Ludena, Carlos E.
  • Schuschny, Andres
  • de Miguel, Carlos
  • Duran Lima, Jose E.

Abstract

As the use of global and national computable general equilibrium (CGE) models has become more widespread, most policies still remain at the regional or sub-national level. This level of disparity requires an approach that bridges the gap between national results and sub-national policies. This study provides a methodology that combines micro-level information and the results of a CGE model with geographical information to spatially map the effects of trade liberalization on the agricultural sector. This methodology enables to distribute changes in value of production for each production unit according to the importance of a specific crop in the political administrative unit. These results show the geographic effects of the FTA on Ecuador's agriculture, and how various types of producers would be affected from trade liberalization. This kind of results would enable policy makers to formulate policies in a geographic or territorial way. This would also allow policy makers to implement differentiated policies to help different types of farmers groups cope with potential negative impacts from free trade.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50556
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China with number 50556.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae09:50556

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Related research

Keywords: Geographic Information Systems (GIS); computable general equilibrium (CGE); trade liberalization; agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; C15; R12; Q17;

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References

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  1. Nicita, Alessandro, 2004. "Who benefited from trade liberalization in Mexico? Measuring the effects on household welfare," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3265, The World Bank.
  2. Keeney, Roman & Thomas Hertel, 2005. "GTAP-AGR : A Framework for Assessing the Implications of Multilateral Changes in Agricultural Policies," GTAP Technical Papers 1869, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  3. Nicita, Alessandro, 2005. "Multilateral trade liberalization and Mexican households : the effect of the Doha development agenda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3707, The World Bank.
  4. Malcolm Asadoorian, 2008. "Simulating the spatial distribution of population and emissions to 2100," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 39(3), pages 199-221, March.
  5. Eduardo Haddad & Fernando Perobelli, 2005. "Trade Liberalization and Regional Inequality - Do Transportation Costs Impose a Spatial Poverty Trap?," ERSA conference papers ersa05p700, European Regional Science Association.
  6. Ludena, Carlos E. & Wong, Sara, 2006. "Domestic Support Policies for Agriculture in Ecuador and the U.S.-Andean Countries Free Trade Agreement: An Applied General Equilibrium Assessment," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21349, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  7. Filho, Joaquim Bento de Souza Ferreira & Horridge, Mark, 2005. "The Doha Round, poverty, and regional inequality in Brazil," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3701, The World Bank.
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