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Food Prices, Conflict, and Democratic Change

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  • Rabah Arezki

    ()
    (International Monetary Fund (IMF))

  • Markus Bruckner

    ()
    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

Abstract

We examine the effects that variations in the international food prices have on democracy and intra-state conflict using panel data for over 120 countries during the period 1970-2007. Our main finding is that in Low Income Countries increases in the international food prices lead to a significant deterioration of democratic institutions and a significant increase in the incidence of anti-government demonstrations, riots, and civil conflict. In the High Income Countries variations in the international food prices have no significant effects on democratic institutions and measures of intra-state conflict. Our empirical results point to a significant externality of variations in international food prices on Low Income Countries' social and political stability.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Adelaide, School of Economics in its series School of Economics Working Papers with number 2011-04.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:adl:wpaper:2011-04

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Keywords: food prices; conflict; political institutions;

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  1. Political Instability and Commodity Prices
    by Kindred Winecoff in International Political Economy at the University of North Carolina on 2011-01-26 19:38:00
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Cited by:
  1. Maystadt, Jean-François & Trinh Tan, Jean-François & Breisinger, Clemens, 2014. "Does food security matter for transition in Arab countries?," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 106-115.
  2. Verpoorten, Marijke & Arora, Abhimanyu, 2011. "Food Prices, Social Unrest and the Facebook Generation," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland, European Association of Agricultural Economists 114230, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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