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Wettbewerb der Regionen: Berlin auf einem guten Weg

In: Städte und Regionen im Standortwettbewerb

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  • Geppert, Kurt
  • Gornig, Martin

Abstract

Heute gilt Berlin wieder als 'in'. Trotz prekärer Haushaltslage hat die Stadt ihre zentralen Standortmerkmale Kultur, Bildung und Forschung profiliert. Die Investitionen der Wirtschaft steigen, die Zahl der Menschen, die hier Arbeit finden, ebenfalls. Allerdings sah es nach der Euphorie der Wendezeit lange anders aus. Das Ende der deutschen Teilung führte in der Stadt zu einem Wettbewerbsschock. In der Folge schrumpfte die Wirtschaft Berlins erheblich, und der Rückstand gegenüber anderen Großstädten wurde noch größer. Auf den ökonomischen Verfall reagierte die Politik deutlich verzögert und angestoßen von Wirtschaftsverbänden und Gewerkschaften. Ein wesentlicher Grund für die ökonomische Trendwende in Berlin liegt darin, dass der regionale Wettbewerb neben den üblichen unternehmensbezogenen Standortfaktoren immer mehr auch über Faktoren der Lebensqualität ausgetragen wird. Und hier konnte Berlin besonders punkten. Die Stadt hat im Überfluss das, was die Wirtschaft in der Wissensgesellschaft braucht: junge, kreative Köpfe. -- Berlin is 'in' again these days. Despite its budget deficit, the city has distinguished itself through the key locational characteristics of culture, education and research. Economic investment is rising, as is the number of people who find jobs here. Nonetheless, for a long time after the euphoria of reunification had died down, the situation looked very different. The end of the division of Germany threw the city into competitive shock. As a result the Berlin economy shrank considerably and the city fell increasingly behind other metropolises. Policymakers reacted slowly to the economic decline, and only after business associations and unions took the initiative. A significant cause of the economic turnaround in Berlin is that regional competition increasingly involves not only the usual business-related locational factors but also factors related to quality of life. And here Berlin has been able to score. The city has a surplus of that which the economy in the knowledge society needs: young, creative minds.

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Bibliographic Info

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This chapter was published in:

  • Kauffmann, Albrecht & Rosenfeld, Martin T. W. (ed.), 2012. "Städte und Regionen im Standortwettbewerb: Neue Tendenzen, Auswirkungen und Folgerungen für die Politik," Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der ARL, Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften, volume 127, number 238, December.
    This item is provided by Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften in its series Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der ARL: Aufsätze with number 87656.

    Handle: RePEc:zbw:arlfsa:87656

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    References

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    1. Enrico Moretti, 2003. "Human Capital Externalities in Cities," NBER Working Papers 9641, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Yankow, Jeffrey J., 2006. "Why do cities pay more? An empirical examination of some competing theories of the urban wage premium," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 139-161, September.
    3. William B. Beyers, 2005. "Services and the changing economic base of regions in the united states," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(4), pages 461-476, June.
    4. Kurt Geppert & Martin Gornig, 2010. "Mehr Jobs, mehr Menschen: die Anziehungskraft der großen Städte wächst," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(19), pages 2-10.
    5. Michael Porter, 2003. "The Economic Performance of Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6-7), pages 549-578.
    6. Kurt Geppert & Dieter Vesper, 2006. "Einnahmen- und Ausgabeneffekte der Hauptstadtfunktion für Berlin: Endbericht ; Forschungsprojekt im Auftrag der Senatsverwaltung für Finanzen, Berlin," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 14, number pbk14, March.
    7. Martin Gornig, 2009. "Berlin: von der Wachstumsbremse zum Wachstumsmotor?: Kommentar," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 76(31), pages 532.
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