Unemployment Expectations, Jumping (S,s) Triggers, and Household Balance Sheets
In: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1997, Volume 12
AbstractThis paper examines the relationship between household balance sheets consumer purchases and expectations We find robust empirical relationships between balance sheet measures and spending but we do find that unemployment expectations are robustly correlated with spending We then construct a formal model of durables and nondurables consumption with an explicit role for unemployment and for household debt We find that the model is capable of explaining several empirical regularities which are at best unexplained by standard models Finally we show that a loosening of liquidity constraints can produce a runup in debt similar to that experienced recently in the US and that after such a liberalization consumer purchases show heightened sensitivity to labor income uncertainty providing a potential rigorous interpretation of the widespread view that the buildup of debt in the 1980s may have played an important role in the weakness of consumption during and after the 1990 recession
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Other versions of this item:
- Christopher D Carroll & Wendy E Dunn, 1997. "Unemployment Expectations Jumping (Ss) Triggers and Household Balance Sheets," Economics Working Paper Archive 386, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
- Christopher D. Carroll & Wendy E. Dunn, 1997. "Unemployment Expectations, Jumping (S,s) Triggers, and Household Balance Sheets," NBER Working Papers 6081, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
- D8 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
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- Deaton, A., 1989.
"Saving And Liquidity Constraints,"
153, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
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