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Globalization and Human Development

In: Proceedings of the Conference on Globalization and Its Discontents

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  • Manijeh Sabi

    (The Sage Colleges)

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    Abstract

    This article investigates the social impact of globalization as measured by economic liberalization. This study attempts to answer four questions using cross-section of countries: Does globalization spur human development? Is globalization related to gender related economic development? Does globalization exacerbate income inequality? Finally, what is the impact of globalization on different income group? Regression analysis for cross-section of about 150 countries indicates that there is a strong relation between globalization and human development and gender related development indexes for entire counties. However, only high-income countries show a significant relation. One impression emerges from the study is that the key consideration in determining a country's position in human development ranking is not related to globalization for developing countries at low or low-middle income groups. Globalization perhaps is important for human development only after certain level of income growth. Also, the results indicate that globalization exacerbates income inequality is for the all income groups, but the relation does not hold when testing for different income levels.

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    This chapter was published in:

  • Oguz Esen & Ayla Ogus (ed.), 2007. "Proceedings of the International Conference on Globalization and Its Discontents," Proceedings of the IUE-SUNY Cortland Conference in Economics, Izmir University of Economics, number 2007, March.
    This item is provided by Izmir University of Economics in its series Papers of the Annual IUE-SUNY Cortland Conference in Economics with number 200707.

    Handle: RePEc:izm:prcdng:200707

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    Web page: http://eco.ieu.edu.tr
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    Related research

    Keywords: globalization; economic liberalization; income inequality;

    References

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    1. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R. & Lundblad, Christian, 2005. "Does financial liberalization spur growth?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 3-55, July.
    2. Panicos O. Demetriades & Khaled A.Hussein, 1995. "Does Financial Development Cause Economic Growth? Time-Series Evidence from 16 Countries," Keele Department of Economics Discussion Papers (1995-2001) 95/13, Department of Economics, Keele University.
    3. Augustin Kwasi Fosu, 2002. "Transforming Economic Growth to Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Elite Political Instability," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(1), pages 9-19.
    4. Torben Andersen & Tryggvi Thor Herbertsson, 2005. "Quantifying globalization," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(10), pages 1089-1098.
    5. Odedokun, M. O., 1996. "Alternative econometric approaches for analysing the role of the financial sector in economic growth: Time-series evidence from LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 119-146, June.
    6. J. Ram Pillarisetti, 1997. "An empirical note on inequality in the world development indicators," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 145-147.
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