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Fiscal policy considerations in the design of monetary policy in Peru

In: Fiscal policy, public debt and monetary policy in emerging market economies

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  • Renzo Rossini
  • Zenon Quispe
  • Jorge Loyola

Abstract

We evaluate the financial and real linkages between fiscal and monetary policy in Peru, and show that during the recent export commodity price boom, public finances supported the implementation of monetary policy. In particular, the reduction of the net public debt has translated into a greater capability by the Central Bank to sterilize its FOREX interventions. Also, an active policy to enhance the development of the local capital markets, using the issuance of public bonds denominated in local currency as a benchmark, has created the incentive to de-dollarize banking credit. On the other hand, difficulty in fine-tuning public investment around the business cycle in recent years has led to periods of a fiscal stance that does not counteract the real business cycle. This raises the question of the possibility of adopting a structural rule for the public sector balance, based on structural fundamentals.

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This chapter was published in:

  • Bank for International Settlements, 2012. "Fiscal policy, public debt and monetary policy in emerging market economies," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 67, 8.
    This item is provided by Bank for International Settlements in its series BIS Papers chapters with number 67-18.

    Handle: RePEc:bis:bisbpc:67-18

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    1. Vega, Marco & Bigio, Saki & Florian, David & Llosa, Gonzalo & Miller, Shirley & Ramirez-Rondan, Nelson & Rodriguez, Donita & Salas, Jorge & Winkelried, Diego, 2009. "Un modelo semiestructural de proyección para la economía peruana," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 17, pages 51-83.
    2. Renzo Rossini & Zenon Quispe & Donita Rodriguez, 2011. "Capital flows, monetary policy and forex intervention in Peru," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Capital flows, commodity price movements and foreign exchange intervention, volume 57, pages 261-274 Bank for International Settlements.
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