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The Supply of Birth Control Methods, Education, and Fertility: Evidence from Romania

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  • Cristian Pop-Eleches

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of the supply of birth control methods on fertility behavior by examining Romania’s 23-year period of pronatalist policies. Following the lifting of the restrictions in 1989 the immediate decrease in fertility was 30 percent. Women who spent most of their reproductive years under the restrictive regime experienced increases in life-cycle fertility of about 0.5 children. Less-educated women had bigger increases in fertility after policy implementation and larger fertility decreases following the lifting of restrictions. These findings suggest that access to abortion and birth control are significant determinants of fertility levels, particularly for less-educated women.

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File URL: http://jhr.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/45/4/971
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 45 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 971-997

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:45:y:2010:i:4:p:971-997

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Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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Cited by:
  1. Jones, Kelly M., 2011. "Evaluating the Mexico city policy: How US foreign policy affects fertility outcomes and child health in Ghana," IFPRI discussion papers 1147, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Valente, C.;, 2010. "Access to Abortion, Investments in Neonatal Health, and Sex-Selection: Evidence from Nepal," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 10/15, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  3. Mitrut, Andreea & Wolff, François-Charles, 2011. "The impact of legalized abortion on child health outcomes and abandonment. Evidence from Romania," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1219-1231.
  4. Lant Pritchett, Justin Sandefur, 2013. "Context Matters for Size: Why External Validity Claims and Development Practice Don't Mix-Working Paper 336," Working Papers 336, Center for Global Development.
  5. Valente, Christine, 2014. "Access to abortion, investments in neonatal health, and sex-selection: Evidence from Nepal," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 225-243.

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