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Estimating the Employment Effects of Wage Discrimination

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  • Baldwin, Marjorie
  • Johnson, William G

Abstract

If labor supply curves are not perfectly inelastic, wage discrimination induces some minority workers to leave the labor force. Studies of discrimination that focus only on wage differentials overlook these disincentive effects on minority employment. This article introduces a method of estimating the employment effects of wage discrimination and applies it to data on men and women from the 1984 Survey of Income and Program Participation. The authors find that wage discrimination against women caused a net loss of over four million jobs, supporting Gary Becker's contention that discriminatory employers use labor inefficiently. Copyright 1992 by MIT Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics & Statistics.

Volume (Year): 74 (1992)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 446-55

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:74:y:1992:i:3:p:446-55

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Web page: http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/

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Cited by:
  1. Ricardo Pagán & Miguel Malo, 2009. "Job satisfaction and disability: lower expectations about jobs or a matter of health?," Spanish Economic Review, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 51-74, March.
  2. repec:fth:prinin:346 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. André Luiz Sacconato & Naércio Aquino de Menezes-Filho, 2001. "A Diferença Salarial entre os Trabalhadores Americanos e Brasileiros: uma Análise Com Micro Dados," Anais do XXIX Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 29th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 095, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  4. Pervaiz, Zahid & Chani, Muhammad Irfan & Jan, Sajjad Ahmad & Chaudhary, Amatul R., 2011. "Gender inequality and economic growth: a time series analysis for Pakistan," MPRA Paper 37176, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
  5. Schober, Thomas & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2009. "Gender Wage Inequality and Economic Growth: Is There Really a Puzzle?," IZA Discussion Papers 4323, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Ceesay, Ebrima K., 2013. "Inequality and growth," MPRA Paper 45492, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. David R. Mann & David C. Wittenburg, 2014. "Explaining Differentials in Employment and Wages Between Young Adults with and Without Disabilities," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 8112, Mathematica Policy Research.
  8. Schober, Thomas & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2011. "Gender Wage Inequality and Economic Growth: Is There Really a Puzzle?--A Comment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(8), pages 1476-1484, August.
  9. Kidd, Michael P. & Sloane, Peter J. & Ferko, Ivan, 2000. "Disability and the labour market: an analysis of British males," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 961-981, November.
  10. Choe, Chung, 2009. "Determinants of Labor Market Outcomes of Disabled Men Before and After the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990," IRISS Working Paper Series 2009-07, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  11. Madhu S. Mohanty, 2003. "An Alternative Explanation for the Equality of Male and Female Unemployment Rates in the U.S. Labor Market in the Late 1980s," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 29(1), pages 69-92, Winter.
  12. Rodríguez Álvarez, Vanesa, 2012. "El empleo de las personas con discapacidad en la gran recesión: ¿son los Centros Especiales de Empleo una excepción?/The employment of people with disabilities in the great recession: are the Shelt," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 30, pages 237-260, Abril.

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