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El empleo de las personas con discapacidad en la gran recesión: ¿son los Centros Especiales de Empleo una excepción?/The employment of people with disabilities in the great recession: are the Sheltered Employment Centers an exception?

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  • RODRÍGUEZ ÁLVAREZ, VANESA

    ()
    (Departamento de Sociología, UNIVERSIDAD DE OVIEDO, ESPAÑA.)

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    Abstract

    En un contexto como el actual de crisis económica con fuertes caídas en la contratación, los contratos celebrados con personas con discapacidad han experimentado un fuerte incremento debido al aumento de la contratación temporal en los Centros Especiales de Empleo, mientras que los contratos a personas con discapacidad en empresas ordinarias han sufrido un retroceso superior al de los contratos de los no discapacitados. Estos datos muestran una tendencia hacia el crecimiento del empleo protegido en detrimento del empleo ordinario, situación contraria a la expuesta como idónea en la Ley de Integración Social de los Minusválidos, aunque parece indicar que los CEE actúan como “em¬pleo refugio” de las personas con discapacidad en momentos de crisis. The current economic crisis has reduced substantially the number of employment. However, statistics from the Public Employment Service shows an increase in the number of jobs contracts signed by disabled people. The main reason in that Sheltered Employment Centers have raised largely their contracting. On the opposite, ordinary firms have reduced hiring with disabled workers. These data seem to show an upward trend in Sheltered Employment Centers while disabled people in regular employment diminishes. This conclusion is against the aim of the Social Integration for Disabled People Act, although it seems that the SEC´s acting as "employment refuge" of disabled people in times of crisis.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2012)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 237-260

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    Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:30_1_7

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    Keywords: Discapacidad; empleo protegido; empleo ordinario ; Disability; Sheltered Employment; Ordinary Employment.;

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    1. Miguel Angel Malo & Fernando Muñoz-Bullón, 2006. "Employment promotion measures and the quality of the job match for persons with disabilities," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, IEF, vol. 179(4), pages 79-111, September.
    2. Marjorie L. Baldwin & William G. Johnson, . "Labor Market Discrimination Against Men with Disabilities in the Year of the ADA," Working Papers 9715, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
    3. Gannon, Brenda & Nolan, Brian, 2003. "Disability and Labour Market Participation," Papers, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) HRBWP04, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    4. Marjorie Baldwin & Edward J. Schumacher, 1999. "Job Mobility among Workers with Disabilities," Working Papers 9911, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
    5. Ricardo Pagán & Miguel Malo, 2009. "Job satisfaction and disability: lower expectations about jobs or a matter of health?," Spanish Economic Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 51-74, March.
    6. Melanie K. Jones & Paul L. Latreille & Peter J. Sloane, 2006. "Disability, gender, and the British labour market," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 407-449, July.
    7. Baldwin, Marjorie & Johnson, William G, 1992. "Estimating the Employment Effects of Wage Discrimination," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(3), pages 446-55, August.
    8. Humer, Brigitte & Wuellrich, Jean-Philippe & Zweimüller, Josef, 2007. "Integrating Severely Disabled Individuals into the Labour Market: The Austrian Case," IZA Discussion Papers 2649, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Jones, Melanie K. & Latreille, Paul L. & Sloane, Peter J., 2007. "Disability and Work: A Review of the British Evidence," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 25, pages 473-498, Abril.
    10. Pagan, Ricardo, 2011. "Ageing and disability: Job satisfaction differentials across Europe," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 206-215, January.
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