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A New Look at the Incidence of Public Transport Subsidies: A Case Study of Santiago, Chile

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  • Andrés Gómez-Lobo

Abstract

Most public transport subsidies in developing countries are justified on equity or social grounds. However, it is not clear how well current subsidies meet these objectives. In this paper the author evaluates several public transport subsidies in the case of Santiago, Chile. This is an interesting case study because in recent years direct means-tested monetary transfers have been used to distribute public transport subsidies instead of using more traditional supply side sectoral subsidies. The results show that using the general welfare system to distribute transport subsidies performs much better than traditional supply side subsidies. The latter are very badly targeted and in some cases quite regressive. Together with some recent evidence from other developing country cities, the results of this paper imply that more effort needs to be placed on the analysis, design, and implementation of social subsidies in the transport sector. ? 2009 LSE and the University of Bath

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by London School of Economics and University of Bath in its journal Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (JTEP).

Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 405-425

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Handle: RePEc:tpe:jtecpo:v:43:y:2009:i:3:p:405-425

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Web page: http://www.bath.ac.uk/e-journals/jtep

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  1. Kristin Komives & Vivien Foster & Jonathan Halpern & Quentin Wodon, 2005. "Water, Electricity, and the Poor : Who Benefits from Utility Subsidies?," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6361, October.
  2. Eduardo Engel & Alexander Galetovic & Claudio Raddatz, 1998. "Taxes and Income Distribution in Chile: Some Unpleasant Redistributive Arithmetic," Documentos de Trabajo 41, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  3. Cropper, Maureen & Bhattacharya, Soma, 2007. "Public transport subsidies and affordability in Mumbai, India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4395, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Javier Asensio & Andrés Gómez-Lobo & Anna Matas, 2013. "How effective are policies to reduce gasoline consumption? Evaluating a quasi-natural experiment in Spain," Working Papers wpdea1303, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.

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