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Economic Growth, Inequality And Spatial Demographic Distribution: A Brazilian Case

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  • Raphael BAR-EL

    (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israël)

  • Dafna SCHWARTZ

    (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israël)

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    Abstract

    This article investigates the incongruity between macroeconomic growth and poverty reduction or income distribution from a regional perspective, and relates it to the urbanization rates and the urban concentration. Using the case of the state of Ceara in Northeast Brazil, we find a persistent and even growing unequal distribution of income in spite of the relatively rapid macroeconomic growth. The results tend to support the recent directions in economic geography regarding the inefficiency of too extreme urban agglomerations. The primary conclusion drawn from the findings is that the prevailing policy of sectoral support (to industry, tourism) may imply regional distortions, and therefore it should be complemented by a regional policy, leading to a spatial urban restructuring.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R18/R18_Barel_Schwartz.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2003)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 147-170

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:18:y:2003:p:147-170

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    Keywords: BRAZIL; ECONOMIC GROWTH; REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT; INEQUALITY; URBANIZATION;

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