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School and Residential Ethnic Segregation: An Analysis of Variations across England's Local Education Authorities

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  • Ron Johnston
  • Simon Burgess
  • Deborah Wilson
  • Richard Harris

Abstract

Johnston R., Burgess S., Wilson D. and Harris R. (2006) School and residential ethnic segregation: an analysis of variations across England's Local Education Authorities, Regional Studies 40, 973-990. Schools are central to the goals of a multicultural society, but their ability to act as arenas within which meaningful intercultural interactions take place depends on the degree to which students from various cultural backgrounds meet there. Using recently released data on the ethnic composition of both schools and small residential areas, this paper explores not only the extent of ethnic segregation in England's schools, but also whether that segregation is greater than the underpinning segregation in the country's residential areas. The results show greater segregation in schools - considerably so for primary schools and more so for some ethnic groups relative to others - than in neighbourhoods, patterns which have considerable implications for educational policy. Johnston R., Burgess S., Wilson D. et Harris R. (2006) La segregation ethnique a l'ecole et au foyer: une analyse de la variation a travers les adminstrations locales d'Angleterre qui gerent les affaires scolaires, Regional Studies 40, 973-990. Les ecoles sont au coeur de la reussite d'une societe multiculturelle, mais leur capacite a se servir d'arenes au sein desquelles des interactions interculturelles significatives ont lieu depend du point auquel les ecoliers provenant de differents milieux s'y rencontrent. A partir des donnees recemment sorties sur la composition ethnique des ecoles et des petites zones residentielles, cet article cherche a examiner non seulement l'importance de la segregation ethnique dans les ecoles d'Angleterre mais aussi a etudier si, oui ou non, cette segregation-la depasse la segregation sousjacente dans les zones residentielles du pays. Les resultats laissent voir une segregation plus importante a l'ecole - notamment a l'ecole primaire et encore plus pour certains groupes ethniques par rapport aux autres - que dans les voisinages, des distributions dont il y a d'importantes lecons a tirer pour la politique de l'education. Education, Segregation, Ecoles, Voisinages, Angleterre Johnston R., Burgess S., Wilson D. und Harris R. (2006) Schulbesuch und nach Wohnsitz bestimmte ethnische 'Trennung': eine Analyse der Schwankungen im Gesamtbild der Schulbehorden Englands, Regional Studies 40, 973-990. Bei den Zielen einer von verschiedenen Kulturen gepragten Gesellschaft spielen Schulen eine wesentliche Rolle, doch ihre Fahigkeit, als Schauplatz sinnvoller, interkultureller Wechselwirkungen zu fungieren, hangt von dem Mass ab, in dem Schuler verschiedener kultureller Werdegange einander kennenlernen. Mit Hilfe kurzlich veroffentlichter Daten der ethnischen Zusammensetzung der Schulen und kleiner Wohnbezirke untersucht dieser Aufsatz nicht nur das Ausmass der ethnischen Trennung in den Schulen Englands, sondern auch, ob diese Trennung starker ist als die zugrunde liegende Trennung in den Wohnbezirken des Landes. Die Ergebnisse weisen starkere Trennung in Schulen - betrachtlich mehr in Grundschulen, und in manchen ethnischen Gruppen mehr als in anderen - als in Wohnvierteln auf, Muster, die betrachtliche Implikationen fur die Erziehungs- und Bildungspolitik haben. Schulbildung, Trennung, Schulen, Wohnbezirke, England Johnston R., Burgess S., Wilson D. y Harris R. (2006) Segregacion etnica en colegios y zonas comunitarias: Analisis de variaciones entre las autoridades educativas de Inglaterra, Regional Studies 40, 973-990. Las escuelas son de vital importancia para los objetivos de una sociedad multicultural pero su capacidad para actuar como escenarios en los que tienen lugar interacciones interculturales con un sentido logico depende del grado en que se encuentren los estudiantes de diferentes origenes culturales. Con ayuda de recientes datos publicados sobre la composicion etnica de escuelas y pequenas zonas comunitarias, en este articulo se analiza no solo el grado de la segregacion etnica en los colegios ingleses sino tambien si esta segregacion es mayor a la segregacion sostenida en las areas de la comunidad del pais. Los resultados indican una mayor segregacion en los colegios -especialmente en las escuelas primarias y mas en algunos grupos etnicos en comparacion con otras- que en las zonas comunitarias, modelos que podrian tener implicaciones importantes en la politica educativa. Educacion, Segregacion, Escuelas, Zonas vecinas, Inglaterra

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
Issue (Month): 9 ()
Pages: 973-990

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:9:p:973-990

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Related research

Keywords: Education; Segregation; Schools; Neighbourhoods; England;

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References

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  1. Ron Johnston & Deborah Wilson & Simon Burgess, 2007. "Ethnic segregation and educational performance at secondary school in Bradford and Leicester," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 39(3), pages 609-629, March.
  2. Simon Burgess & Deborah Wilson, 2004. "Ethnic Segretation in England's Schools," CASE Papers 079, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
  3. Michael Poulsen, 2002. "Plural Cities and Ethnic Enclaves: Introducing a Measurement Procedure for Comparative Study," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 229-243, 06.
  4. Ron Johnston & Deborah Wilson & Simon Burgess, 2005. "England's multiethnic educational system? A classification of secondary schools," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 37(1), pages 45-62, January.
  5. Ash Amin, 2002. "Ethnicity and the multicultural city: living with diversity," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 34(6), pages 959-980, June.
  6. Simon Burgess & Ron Johnston & Deborah Wilson, 2003. "School segregation in multi-ethnic England," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 03/092, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
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Cited by:
  1. van Ham, Maarten & Manley, David, 2012. "Segregation, Choice Based Letting and Social Housing: How Housing Policy Can Affect the Segregation Process," IZA Discussion Papers 6372, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Andreas Georgiadis & Alan Manning, 2011. "Change and continuity among minority communities in Britain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 541-568, April.
  3. Agasisti, Tommaso & Cordero-Ferrera, Jose M., 2013. "Educational disparities across regions: A multilevel analysis for Italy and Spain," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1079-1102.
  4. Andy Pike, 2007. "Editorial: Whither Regional Studies?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(9), pages 1143-1148.
  5. Richard Harris, 2011. "“Sleepwalking towards Johannesburg”? Local measures of ethnic segregation between London’s secondary schools, 2003 – 2008/9," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 11/275, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.

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