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Determinants of regional entrepreneurship dynamics in contemporary Germany: A conceptual and empirical analysis

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  • Christine Tamasy
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    Abstract

    Tamasy C. (2006) Determinants of regional entrepreneurship dynamics in contemporary Germany: a conceptual and empirical analysis, Regional Studies 40, 365-384. The importance of entrepreneurship for the development of national and regional economies is widely recognized. Although politicians in Germany are aware of entrepreneurship, their practices cannot rely on a generally accepted theory of entrepreneurship. The paper develops a holistic conceptualization of regional entrepreneurship dynamics and investigates empirically determinants of start-up activities and new business success in selected German regions. It uses two primary data sets explicitly designed to analyse regional entrepreneurship dynamics in contemporary Germany. The research project 'Regional Entrepreneurship Monitor' focuses on determinants of start-up activities in the pre-entry phase of entrepreneurial processes, while the 'New Firm Survey' examines factors influencing post-entry firm success. The paper suggests holistic approaches in entrepreneurship research are necessary, because entrepreneur-associated factors, characteristics of the newly founded firm and the geographical environment influence entrepreneurial processes. These determinants can have direct or indirect influences on entrepreneurial processes. The results suggest that politicians and policy-makers need to pay special attention to entrepreneurial attitudes and behaviours if they wish to boost regional entrepreneurship dynamics in Germany. Tamasy C. (2006) Les determinants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale regionale dans l'Allemagne contemporaine: une analyse conceptuelle et empirique, Regional Studies 40, 365-384. L'importance de l'esprit d'entreprise pour le developpement des economies nationales et regionales est bien reconnue. Quoique les hommes politiques en Allemagne soient conscients de l'esprit d'entreprise, leurs procedures ne reposent pas sur une theorie recue qui embrasse l'esprit d'entreprise. Cet article cherche a developper une approche conceptuelle holistique de la dynamique entrepreneuriale regionale et examine de facon empirique les determinants de la creation d'entreprise et de la reussite des nouvelles entreprises dans certaines regions d'Allemagne. On se sert de deux banques de donnees primaires specialement concues pour analyser la dynamique entrepreneuriale regionale dans l'Allemagne contemporaine. Le projet, intitule 'Regional Entrepreneurship Monitor' ('Le Moniteur de l'Esprit d'entreprise Regional'), porte sur les determinants de la creation d'entreprise dans les premieres phases des demarches entrepreneuriales, tandis que la 'New Firm Survey' ('L'Enquete aupres des Nouvelles Entreprises') examine des facteurs qui influent sur la reussite des entreprises dans les phases ulterieures. L'article laisse supposer que des facons holistiques soient necessaires a la recherche de l'esprit d'entreprise parce que les facteurs qui s'associent a l'entrepeneur, les caracteristiques de l'entreprise nouvellement creee, et le milieu local influent sur les demarches entrepreneuriales. Ces determinants peuvent influer sur les demarches entrepreneuriales de facon directe ou indirecte. Les resultats laissent supposer que les hommes politiques et les decideurs devraient porter un interet particulier aux esprits et aux comportements d'entreprise s'ils cherchent a donner du tonus a la dynamique entrepreneuriale regionale en Allemagne. Dynamique entrepreneuriale regionale, Creation, d'entreprise, Reussite des nouvelles entreprises, Determinants, Allemagne Tamasy C. (2006) Bestimmende Faktoren regionaler Unternehmertumsdynamik im heutigen Deutschland: Eine konzeptionelle und empirische Analyse, Regional Studies 40, 365-384. Die Bedeutung des Unternehmertums fur die Entwicklung von Volks- und Regionalwirtschaften wird allgemein anerkannt. Obschon Politiker in Deutschland sich der Bedeutung des Unternehmertums bewusst sind, konnen sich ihre Praktiken nicht auf eine allgemein anerkannte Theorie des Unternehmertums stutzen. Dieser Aufsatz entwickelt eine holistische Konzeptualisierung regionaler Dynamik des Unternehmertums und untersucht ausschlaggebende Faktoren fur Grundungsaktivitaten und Grundungserfolg in ausgewahlten deutschen Regionen auf empirische Weise. Es werden zwei Datensatze benutzt, die speziell dazu entworfen wurden, die regionale Unternehmensdynamik im heutigen Deutschland zu analysieren. Das Forschungsprojekt 'Regionaler Entrepreneurship Monitor' konzentriert sich auf bestimmende Faktoren der Grundungsaktivitat in der Vorgrundungsphase unternehmerischer Prozesse, wahrend der 'New Firm Survey' Faktoren pruft, die den Erfolg der Firma nach Markteintritt beeinflussen. Der Aufsatz vertritt die Meinung, dass holistische Ansatze zur Unternehmertumsforschung notig sind, weil mit Unternehmern verbundene Faktoren, Eigenschaften neu gegrundeter Firmen und die geographische Umgebung unternehmerische Prozesse beeinflussen. Die bestimmenden Faktoren konnen direkt oder indirekt Einfluss auf unternehmerische Prozesse ausuben. Die Ergebnisse legen damit nahe, dass Politiker und politische Entscheidungstrager Verhalten und Einstellungen der Unternehmer besondere Aufmerksamkeit zollen mussen, wenn sie die regionale Dynamik des Unternehmertums in Deutschland fordern wollen. Regionale Dynamik des Unternehmertums, Grundungsaktivitaten, Erfolge neuer Unternehmen, bestimmende Faktoren, Deutschland Tamasy C. (2006) Determinantes de las dinamicas del empresariado en regiones de la Alemania contemporanea: Un analisis conceptual y empirico, Regional Studies 40, 365-384. La importancia del empresariado para el desarrollo de economias nacionales y regionales es bien reconocida. Aunque los politicos en Alemania conocen el concepto del empresariado, a sus metodos le falta una base teorica generalmente aceptada del empresariado. En este articulo sostengo una conceptualizacion holistica de las dinamicas regionales con respecto al empresariado y analizo empiricamente cuales son los determinantes de las actividades de preparacion y el exito de los nuevos negocios en varias regiones alemanas. Para ello uso explicitamente dos grupos de datos primarios creados para analizar las dinamicas regionales en cuanto al empresariado en la Alemania contemporanea. El proyecto de investigacion 'observacion del empresariado regional' se centra en los determinantes de actividades de inicio en la fase previa a la entrada de los procesos empresariales mientras que el 'Estudio sobre Empresas Nuevas' examina que factores influyen para el exito de una empresa despues de la entrada. Con este ensayo expongo que son necesarios planteamientos holisticos en el estudio del empresariado porque los factores asociados a los empresarios, las caracteristicas de las empresas recien fundadas y el ambiente geografica influyen en los procesos empresariales. Estos determinantes pueden tener una influencia directa o indirecta en los procesos empresariales. Los resultados indican que si los politicos y los responsables politicos desean estimular las dinamicas regionales en el empresariado de Alemania deben preocuparse especialmente por las actitudes y conductas empresariales. Dinamicas regionales para el empresariado, Actividades de inicio, Exito de nuevas empresas, Determinantes, Alemania

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 365-384

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:4:p:365-384

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    Keywords: Regional entrepreneurship dynamics; Start-up activities; New business success; Determinants; Germany;

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    1. van Gelderen, A.M. & Bosma, N. & Thurik, A.R., 2001. "Setting Up a Business in the Netherlands," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2001-15-STR, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
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    7. Schultz, Theodore W, 1980. " Investment in Entrepreneurial Ability," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 82(4), pages 437-48.
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    Cited by:
    1. Jolanda Hessels & Isabel Grilo & Roy Thurik & Peter Zwan, 2011. "Entrepreneurial exit and entrepreneurial engagement," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 447-471, August.
    2. Hans Westlund & Amy Olsson, 2011. "Economic Entrepreneurship, Startups and Their Effects on Local Development: The Case of Sweden," ERSA conference papers ersa11p327, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Dirk Oberschachtsiek, 2013. "Human Capital Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Results from the regional individual skill dispersion nexus on self-employment activity," Working Paper Series in Economics 289, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    4. N.S. Bosma & F.G. van Oort, 2012. "Agglomeration Economies, Inventors and Entrepreneurs as Engines of European Regional Productivity," Working Papers 12-20, Utrecht School of Economics.
    5. Kim, Younghwan & Kim, Wonjoon & Yang, Taeyong, 2012. "The effect of the triple helix system and habitat on regional entrepreneurship: Empirical evidence from the U.S," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 154-166.
    6. Unger, Jens M. & Rauch, Andreas & Frese, Michael & Rosenbusch, Nina, 2011. "Human capital and entrepreneurial success: A meta-analytical review," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 341-358, May.
    7. Niels Bosma & Veronique Schutjens, 2011. "Understanding regional variation in entrepreneurial activity and entrepreneurial attitude in Europe," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 711-742, December.
    8. Michael Wyrwich, 2010. "Regional Entrepreneurial Heritage in a Socialist and a Post-Socialist Economy," DRUID Working Papers 10-20, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    9. Andrew Ross, 2011. "Regional Determinants of Entrepreneurship in a Small Economy: Panel Data Evidence from Scotland," ERSA conference papers ersa11p848, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Martínez Mateo, Jesús & Mira Solves, Ignacio & Gómez Gras, José M.ª, 2013. "Influence of the economic cycle on the determinants of nascent entrepreneurial activity. An empirical analysis of the Spanish case," Investigaciones Regionales, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 26, pages 19-45.
    11. Franz Kronthaler & Katharina Becker & Kerstin Wagner, 2012. "Combination of regional characteristics for start-up activity in Switzerland," ERSA conference papers ersa12p90, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Darja Reuschke, 2011. "Self-Employment and Geographical Mobility in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 417, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    13. Niels Bosma, 2012. "The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) and its Impact on Entrepreneurship Research," Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Working Paper Series 1201, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, revised May 2012.
    14. Schanne, Norbert & Weyh, Antje, 2009. "What makes start-ups out of unemployment different?," IAB Discussion Paper 200904, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    15. Mihai Nica, 2013. "Spending allocation and entrepreneurship," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 351-369, December.

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