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The effect of new firm formation on regional development over time

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  • Fritsch, Michael
  • Mueller, Pamela

Abstract

In our analysis of the impact of new firm formation on regional employment change we identified considerable time lags. We investigated the structure and extent of these time lags by applying the Almon lag model and found that new firms can have both a positive and a negative effect on regional employment. The results indicate that the indirect effects of new firm formation (crowding-out of competitors, improvement of supply conditions and improved competitiveness) are of greater magnitude than the direct effect, i.e., the jobs that are created in the new businesses. The peak of the positive impact of new firms on regional development is reached about eight years after the new firms have been started. -- Für den Einfluss von Gründungsaktivitäten auf die Regionalentwicklung lassen sich erhebliche Zeitverzögerungen feststellen. Wir analysieren das Ausmaß und die Struktur dieser Zeitverzögerungen mit dem Almon-Lag Verfahren. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Gründungen sowohl einen positiven als auch einen negativen Einfluss auf das Beschäftigungsniveau haben können. Allgemein scheinen die indirekten Effekte des Gründungsgeschehens (Verdrängung etablierter Konkurrenten, Verbesserung des Angebots und gesteigerte Wettbewerbsfähigkeit) stärker ausgeprägt zu sein als der direkte Effekt, gemessen als die in den neuen Firmen entstandenen Arbeitsplätze. Das Maximum des positiven Einflusses der Gründungen auf die Regionalenwicklung wird nach ca. acht Jahren erreicht.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in its series Freiberg Working Papers with number 2004,01.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:tufwps:200401

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Related research

Keywords: Regional growth; new firms; entrepreneurship; time lags; Regionalentwicklung; Unternehmensgründungen; Entrepreneurship; Time Lags;

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References

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  1. Audretsch, D.B. & Fritsch, M., 1993. "A Note on the Measurement of Entry Rates," Papers 93-5, Bergakademie Freiberg Technical University - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  2. Bosma, N. & Nieuwenhuijsen, H., 1999. "Turbulence and Productivity in the Netherlands," Papers 9909/e, NEUHUYS - RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM.
  3. Wennekers, Sander & Thurik, Roy, 1999. " Linking Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 27-55, August.
  4. Callejon, Maria & Segarra, Agusti, 1999. " Business Dynamics and Efficiency in Industries and Regions: The Case of Spain," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 253-71, December.
  5. Michael Fritsch & Udo Brixy & Oliver Falck, 2006. "The Effect of Industry, Region, and Time on New Business Survival – A Multi-Dimensional Analysis," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 285-306, 05.
  6. Audretsch, David B. & Keilbach, Max, 2002. "Entrepreneurship Capital and Economic Performance," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-76, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. Boeri, Tito & Cramer, Ulrich, 1992. "Employment growth, incumbents and entrants : Evidence from Germany," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 545-565, December.
  8. Fritsch, Michael & Weyh, Antje, 2004. "How large are the direct employment effects of new businesses? An empirical investigation," Freiberg Working Papers 2004,05, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  9. Geroski, P. A., 1995. "What do we know about entry?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 421-440, December.
  10. van Stel, Andre & Storey, David, 2002. "Entrepreneurial growth in British regions 1980-1998," ERSA conference papers ersa02p243, European Regional Science Association.
  11. Richard E. Caves, 1998. "Industrial Organization and New Findings on the Turnover and Mobility of Firms," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(4), pages 1947-1982, December.
  12. Winter, Sidney G., 1984. "Schumpeterian competition in alternative technological regimes," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(3-4), pages 287-320.
  13. David Audretsch & Michael Fritsch, 2002. "Growth Regimes over Time and Space," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(2), pages 113-124.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fritsch, Michael & Mueller, Pamela, 2004. "Regional growth regimes revisited - the case of West Germany," Freiberg Working Papers 2004,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  2. Fritsch, Michael & Stuetzer, Michael, 2007. "Die Geographie der Kreativen Klasse in Deutschland
    [The Geography of the Creative Class in Germany]
    ," MPRA Paper 21963, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Håkansson, Johan & Macuchova, Zuzana & Rudholm, Niklas, 2013. "Predicting Entry of Swedish Wholesale Firms into Local Markets," HUI Working Papers 93, HUI Research.
  4. Andre van Stel & Bart Diephuis, 2004. "Business dynamics and employment growth: a cross-country analysis," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-32, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  5. Fritsch, Michael & Weyh, Antje, 2004. "How large are the direct employment effects of new businesses? An empirical investigation," Freiberg Working Papers 2004,05, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  6. Rogler, Silvia, 2006. "Vergleichbarkeit von Gesamt- und Umsatzkostenverfahren: Auswirkungen auf die Jahresabschlussanalyse," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  7. Calá, Carla Daniela & Arauzo-Carod, Josep-Maria & Manjón-Antolín, Miguel, 2012. "Regional determinants of firm entry in a developing country," Nülan. Deposited Documents 1626, Centro de Documentación, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata.
  8. Jacob, Dieter & Uhlig, Tilo & Stuhr, Constanze, 2005. "Bewertung der Immobilien von Akutkrankenhäusern der Regelversorgung unter Beachtung des neuen DRG-orientierten Vergütungssystems für stationäre Leistungen," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,02, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  9. Shaoming Cheng, 2011. "Business cycle, industrial composition, or regional advantage? A decomposition analysis of new firm formation in the United States," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 147-167, August.
  10. Minuk, Olga & Rossaro, Fabiana & Walther, Ursula, 2005. "Zur Reform der Einlagensicherung in Weißrussland - Kritische Analyse und Vergleich mit dem Deutschen Einlagensicherungssystem," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,12, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  11. Joachim Wagner, 2006. "Politikrelevante Folgerungen aus Analysen mit wirtschaftsstatistischen Einzeldaten der Amtlichen Statistik," Working Paper Series in Economics 16, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  12. Grosse, Diana & Ullmann, Robert & Weyh, Enrico, 2006. "Die Führung innovativer Teams unter Berücksichtigung rechtlicher und psychologischer Aspekte," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,05, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  13. Enke, Margit & Greschuchna, Larissa, 2005. "Aufbau von Vertrauen in Dienstleistungsinteraktionen durch Instrumente der Kommunikationspolitik - dargestellt am Beispiel der Beratung kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen -," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  14. Felden, Carsten & Bock, Heiko & Gräning, André & Molotowa, Lana & Saat, Jan, 2006. "Evaluation von Algorithmen zur Textklassifikation," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,10, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

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