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Network Analysis of Eight Technological Systems

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  • Riccardo Leoncini
  • Sandro Montresor

Abstract

This paper aims to measure and compare some key relationships relative to the technological systems of eight OECD countries along three temporal spans (early 1980s, middle 1980s, early 1990s). For each technological system, a matrix of intersectoral innovation flows is constructed and network analysis is then performed to examine the density distributions of the innovative flows, and the degree of centrality/centralisation of each of its nodes.The first kind of analysis allows a quantitative comparison of the intensity of the linkages among the systemic nodes considered, while the second allows us to examine qualitatively the different internal structures identified by cutting-off flows of a certain magnitude. The main results of the paper are a clear distinction among technological systems with different structural characteristics (e.g. size, technological intensity, and institutional arrangements suggesting the existence of different 'models of capitalism'), and a clear pattern of 'convergence' among the technological systems along time.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal International Review of Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 14 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 213-234

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Handle: RePEc:taf:irapec:v:14:y:2000:i:2:p:213-234

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References

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  1. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," NBER Chapters, in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 287-343 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. repec:fth:harver:1473 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Pavitt, Keith, 1984. "Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 343-373, December.
  4. Leoncini, Riccardo, 1998. "The nature of long-run technological change: innovation, evolution and technological systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 75-93, May.
  5. Leoncini, R. & Maggioni, M. A. & Montresor, S., 1996. "Intersectoral innovation flows and national technological systems: network analysis for comparing Italy and Germany," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 415-430, May.
  6. Papaconstantinou, G. & Sakurai, N. & Wyckoff, A., 1998. "Domestic and international product-embodied R&D diffusion," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 301-314, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Guan, Jiancheng & Chen, Zifeng, 2009. "The technological system of Chinese manufacturing industry: A sectorial approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 767-776, December.
  2. Leoncini, Riccardo & Montresor, Sandro, 2001. "The automobile technological systems : An empirical analysis of four European countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1321-1340, October.
  3. S. Montresor & Vittucci & G. Marzetti, 2008. "Constructing intersectoral innovation diffusion networks with input-output: how to get relative flows? An illustrative application to six OECD technological systems for the middle '90s," Working Papers 649, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.

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