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Divestment of foreign production operations

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  • Gabriel Benito

Abstract

This study investigates some determinants fo the divestment of foreign manufacturing operations by Norwegian companies. To date, very few studies have taken a closer look at what might influence whether foreign subsidiaries are divested or not. Although foreign direct investment - in principle - represent long-term commitments to foreign manufacturing operations, divestments are in fact quite common. This study shows that more than half of a sample of foreig subsidiaries woned by Norwegian companies in 1982 wee divested within a period of ten years. The empirical findings indicate that foreign divestment is inversely related to economic growth in the host country, and that the propensity to divest is significantly higher for subsidiaries that had been acquired than for greenfield establishments. Also, related (horizontal) subsidiaries are less likely to be divested than unrelated (non-horizontal)subsidiaries.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 29 (1997)
Issue (Month): 10 ()
Pages: 1365-1378

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Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:29:y:1997:i:10:p:1365-1378

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References

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  1. Randall Morck & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1989. "Do Managerial Objectives Drive Bad Acquisitions?," NBER Working Papers 3000, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Irving B. Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1982. "The Location of Overseas Production and Production for Export by U.S. Multinational Firms," NBER Working Papers 0482, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Pennings, J.M. & Barkema , H. & Douma, S., 1994. "Organizational learning and diversification," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-382776, Tilburg University.
  4. Veugelers, Reinhilde, 1991. "Locational Determinants and Ranking of Host Countries: An Empirical Assessment," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(3), pages 363-82.
  5. Gabriel R G Benito & Geir Gripsrud, 1992. "The Expansion of Foreign Direct Investments: Discrete Rational Location Choices or a Cultural Learning Process?," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(3), pages 461-476, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Lukas, Elmar, 2013. "Modeling the transitional dynamics of international joint venture policies: An option pricing approach," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 21-36.
  2. Matthyssens,Paul & Pauwels,Pieter, 2002. "The Dynamics of International Market Withdrawal," Research Memorandum 048, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  3. Tomassen, Sverre & Benito, Gabriel R.G., 2009. "The costs of governance in international companies," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 292-304, June.
  4. Ele Reiljan, 2006. "The role of entrepreneurial actions in the de-internationalization of Estonian enterprises: entrepreneurs’ perceptions," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, in: Entrepreneurship in Estonia: policies, practices, education and research, volume 28, chapter 7, pages 139-153 Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
  5. Moniz, António & Gomes, Cláudia, 2003. "Impacto do desinvestimento no mercado local de emprego: o caso de uma unidade da indústria metalomecânica
    [Impact of divestment on the local employment market: a case of the metal industry]
    ," MPRA Paper 6862, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2003.
  6. Sleuwaegen, Leo & Onkelinx, Jonas, 2014. "International commitment, post-entry growth and survival of international new ventures," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 106-120.
  7. Narula, Rajneesh & Duysters, Geert, 2004. "Globalisation and trends in international R&D alliances," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 199-218.
  8. Narula,Rajneesh, 2003. "Globalisation and trends in international R&D alliances," Research Memorandum 001, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  9. Chung, Chris Changwha & Lee, Seung-Hyun & Beamish, Paul W. & Southam, Colette & Nam, Daeil (Dale), 2013. "Pitting real options theory against risk diversification theory: International diversification and joint ownership control in economic crisis," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 122-136.
  10. Jan Hendrik, Fisch, 2011. "Real call options to enlarge foreign subsidiaries - The moderating effect of irreversibility on the influence of economic volatility and political instability on subsequent FDI," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 517-526, October.
  11. Casillas, José C. & Moreno, Ana M. & Acedo, Francisco J., 2012. "Path dependence view of export behaviour: A relationship between static patterns and dynamic configurations," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 465-479.
  12. Swoboda, Bernhard & Olejnik, Edith & Morschett, Dirk, 2011. "Changes in foreign operation modes: Stimuli for increases versus reductions," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 578-590, October.
  13. Aharoni, Yair & Tihanyi, Laszlo & Connelly, Brian L., 2011. "Managerial decision-making in international business: A forty-five-year retrospective," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 135-142, April.
  14. Moniz, António & Gomes, Cláudia, 2002. "Impactos sociais do desinvestimento
    [Social Impacts of divestment]
    ," MPRA Paper 5882, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2002.

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