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Input cost, capacity utilization and substitution in the short run

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  • Miguel A. Delgado

    ()
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Calle Madrid 126, E-28903 Getafe, Madrid, Spain FIE-FEP, Pza. Marqués de Salamanca 8, E-28006 Madrid Spain FIE-FEP-UNED, Pza. Marqués de Salamanca 8, E-28006 Madrid Spain)

  • Jordi Jaumandreu

    ()
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Calle Madrid 126, E-28903 Getafe, Madrid, Spain FIE-FEP, Pza. Marqués de Salamanca 8, E-28006 Madrid Spain FIE-FEP-UNED, Pza. Marqués de Salamanca 8, E-28006 Madrid Spain)

  • Ana Martín Marcos

    ()
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Calle Madrid 126, E-28903 Getafe, Madrid, Spain FIE-FEP, Pza. Marqués de Salamanca 8, E-28006 Madrid Spain FIE-FEP-UNED, Pza. Marqués de Salamanca 8, E-28006 Madrid Spain)

Abstract

This article studies the behavior of input cost shares in an environment where labor is costly to adjust, materials can be adjusted at no cost and capital is fixed. A model relating cost shares with relative prices and adjustment costs is proposed, allowing joint estimation of the elasticity of substitution and the adjustment cost function, which is an unknown function of the capacity utilization. Based on a panel of more than 700 manufacturing firms, we find evidence of strong input share variations according to the degree of capacity utilization. The estimated shapes of adjustment costs curves of labor are in agreement with our theoretical model, and we obtain sensible elasticities of substitution estimates. Based on such estimates, we find evidence of a negative (positive) bias in downturns (recoveries) in conventional productivity growth measures.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Spanish Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 1 (1999)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 239-262

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Handle: RePEc:spr:specre:v:1:y:1999:i:3:p:239-262

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Related research

Keywords: Capacity utilization; input shares; productivity measurements;

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Cited by:
  1. Garcia, Angel & Jaumandreu, Jordi & Rodriguez, Cesar, 2004. "Innovation and jobs: evidence from manufacturing firms," MPRA Paper 1204, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Pilar Beneito, 2001. "R&D productivity and spillovers at the firms level: evidence from Spanish panel data," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(2), pages 289-313, May.

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