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Economic Reforms, Capacity Utilization, and Productivity Growth in Indian Manufacturing

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  • Arnab Deb

    (International Management Institute)

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    Abstract

    In this study, we attempt to identify the channels through which economic reforms enhanced the productivity growth in total manufacturing sector in India. Because one possible channel is better utilization of plant capacity, we estimate capacity utilization rate in Indian manufacturing. Empirical estimates show that the annual average capacity utilization rate in Indian manufacturing was lower over the post-reform years. However, after the reforms capacity utilization rate grew faster at the all India level as well as for most of the major industrial states. Subsequent regression analysis confirms that there was evidence of a favorable impact of economic reforms on productivity growth in total manufacturing, beyond the positive impact of improved capacity utilization.

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    File URL: http://web2.uconn.edu/economics/working/A2013-05.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Connecticut, Department of Economics in its series Alumni working papers with number 2013-05.

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    Length: 44 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:uct:alumni:2013-05

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    Postal: University of Connecticut 341 Mansfield Road, Unit 1063 Storrs, CT 06269-1063
    Phone: (860) 486-4889
    Fax: (860) 486-4463
    Web page: http://www.econ.uconn.edu/
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    Keywords: Economic Reform; Total Factor Productivity; Data Envelopment Analysis; Malmquist Index; Gross Capacity Utilization; Net Capacity Utilization;

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    1. Ernst R. Berndt & Melvyn A. Fuss, 1982. "Productivity Measurement Using Capital Asset Valuation to Adjust for Variations in Utilization," NBER Working Papers 0895, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Pushpa Trivedi, 2004. "An Inter-State Perspective on Manufacturing Productivity in India: 1980-81 to 2000-01," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 39(1), pages 203-237, January.
    3. Subhash C. Ray & Kankana Mukherjee & Yanna Wu, 2006. "Direct And Indirect Measures Of Capacity Utilization: A Non-Parametric Analysis Of Us Manufacturing," Manchester School, University of Manchester, University of Manchester, vol. 74(4), pages 526-548, 07.
    4. Chris Milner & Dev Vencappa & Peter Wright, 2007. "Trade Policy and Productivity Growth in Indian Manufacturing," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(2), pages 249-266, 02.
    5. Berndt, Ernst R. & Fuss, Melvyn A., 1986. "Productivity measurement with adjustments for variations in capacity utilization and other forms of temporary equilibrium," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-2), pages 7-29.
    6. Carol Corrado & Joe Mattey, 1997. "Capacity Utilization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 11(1), pages 151-167, Winter.
    7. Berndt, Ernst R & Morrison, Catherine J, 1981. "Capacity Utilization Measures: Underlying Economic Theory and an Alternative Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 48-52, May.
    8. Fare, Rolf & Grosskopf, Shawna & Kokkelenberg, Edward C, 1989. "Measuring Plant Capacity, Utilization and Technical Change: A Nonparametric Approach," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 30(3), pages 655-66, August.
    9. Hulten, Charles R., 1986. "Productivity change, capacity utilization, and the sources of efficiency growth," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-2), pages 31-50.
    10. Catherine J. Morrison, 1985. "Productivity Measurement with Nonstatic Expectations and Varying Capacity Utilization: An Integrated Approach," NBER Working Papers 1561, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    12. Matthew D. Shapiro, 1989. "Assessing the Federal Reserve's Measures of Capacity and Utilization," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 20(1), pages 181-242.
    13. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
    14. Shailendra Gajanan & D. Malhotra, 2007. "Measures of capacity utilization and its determinants: a study of Indian manufacturing," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(6), pages 765-776.
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