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Desigualdad monetaria en un contexto de rápido crecimiento económico: El caso reciente del Perú

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Author Info

  • Yamada, Gustavo
  • Castro, Juan
  • Bacigalupo, José

Abstract

En el presente documento se analiza la evolución de la desigualdad monetaria en el Perú entre 1997 y 2010, periodo caracterizado por un proceso de rápido crecimiento económico (5% promedio anual). Se encuentra una reducción de la desigualdad de 13.4%, medida a través del coeficiente de Gini calculado con la información de ingresos de las encuestas de hogares. También calculamos el coeficiente de Gini con la información de las cuentas nacionales y mostramos que la caída en la desigualdad es un resultado robusto al potencial subreporte en los percentiles más altos de la distribución de ingresos y gastos. Por último, encontramos que la contribución del programa JUNTOS en la reducción de la desigualdad durante la segunda mitad de la década pasada fue del orden del 25%. Además, verificamos cómo la significativa expansión en cobertura ha permitido que el programa mantenga su potencial igualador a pesar de que el ingreso medio en los deciles bajos haya crecido. En cuanto al resto de factores que han permitido una igualación del ingreso, destaca la evolución de los ingresos laborales, cuyo crecimiento se ha concentrado en los percentiles 20 al 50.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

Volume (Year): (2012)
Issue (Month): 24 ()
Pages: 65-77

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Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-24-04

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  1. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2000. "Inequality and Growth: What Can the Data Say?," NBER Working Papers 7793, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Robert J. Barro, 1999. "Inequality, Growth, and Investment," NBER Working Papers 7038, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Miguel Jaramillo & Jaime Saavedra, 2011. "Menos desiguales: la distribución del ingreso luego de las reformas estructurales," Documentos de Investigación dt59, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  4. García, Juan & Céspedes, Nikita, 2011. "Pobreza y crecimiento económico: tendencias durante la década del 2000," Working Papers 2011-021, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  5. Ravallion, Martin, 1994. "Poverty rankings using noisy data on living standards," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 45(4), pages 481-485, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Carrera Troyano, Miguel & Casado Francisco, Montserrat & De Diego Álvarez, Dorotea, 2013. "Pobreza y desigualdad en Un mundo para Julius
    [Poverty and Inequality in "Un Mundo para Julius"]
    ," MPRA Paper 51895, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.

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