Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Éléments pour une nouvelle politique agricole

Contents:

Author Info

  • Henri Mendras
  • Jacques Le Cacheux

Abstract

[eng] Elements of a new Agricultural Policy Jacques Le Cacheux et Henri Mendras The European common agricultural policy (CAP) had initially been conceived as a device to ensure the expansion of agricultural production thanks to the modernization of techniques and the intensification of agriculture. It had however tended to degenerate into a system of management of agricultural decline. From the point of view of the European objective of self-sufficiency and in terms of export performance, especially for France, this policy may be said to have been a success, as may be ascertained by the various economic indicators availabe. But in spite of direct subsidies and an increasingly costly price support mechanism for basic foodstuffs, the French agricultural population has continued to shrink at an annual rate of 2 to 3 % ; average incomes have been more or less maintained, but only thanks to the declining number of farmers ; and disequilibria have persisted, insofar as this tendency has not led to the disappearance of excess supplies, notably for milk and cereals. Hence, up until the recent reform, the CAP was essentially feeding the disequilibria that have been killing the profession. The new CAP only attempts to remedy the persistant tendency to excess supply by curbing the incentives to produce. It is therefore perceived by farmers as a device meant to accelerate their disappearance or, through direct income support, to « preserve the species », in the same way as has been done elsewhere for native Americans or even threatened animal species. How to design a genuine agricultural policy that would be viable in the long run remains an open issue : although it offers a number of promising directions, the present paper is no more than an invitation to reflect on such an alternative policy. [fre] Conçue pour assurer une expansion des productions agricoles par la modernisation des exploitations et l'intensification, l'ancienne Politique agricole commune (PAC) européenne, dont la réforme suscite aujourd'hui l'inquiétude des agriculteurs, avait dégénéré en un système de gestion du déclin agricole. Malgré les subventions directes et un soutien de plus en plus coûteux des cours, la population agricole a continué de décliner à un rythme soutenu (entre - 2 % et - 3 % par an) ; le revenu moyen ne s'est maintenu que par ce déclin ; de plus les déséquilibres demeurent, puisque les départs n'entraînent pas la résorption des excédents de produits de base, notamment le lait et les céréales. L'ancienne PAC servait donc principalement à nourrir les déséquilibres dont meurent les agriculteurs. La nouvelle PAC tente de remédier à la surproduction agricole en limitant les incitations à la production. De ce fait, elle donne aux agriculteurs le sentiment qu'il s'agit simplement d'organiser leur lente disparition ou, par les aides directes, de « préserver l'espèce », comme on le fait des Indiens dans leur réserve ou des animaux en voie de disparition. La question d'une politique agricole réellement viable à long terme reste en fait ouverte : c'est à la réflexion sur cette autre politique agricole qu'invite cet article, en indiquant quelques pistes pour une véritable ambition agricole.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ofce.1992.1290
Download Restriction: no

File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ofce_0751-6614_1992_num_42_1_1290/ofce_0751-6614_1992_num_42_1_1290.pdf?mode=light
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 42 (1992)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 95-134

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1992_num_42_1_1290

Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1992.1290
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ofce

Related research

Keywords:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Jacques Le Cacheux & Jacky Fayolle, 1998. "Élargissement, PAC, politiques structurelles et « juste retour » : la quadrature du cercle budgétaire européen," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 66(1), pages 37-60.
  2. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/2095 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompqllr09hi4j38dhl is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Jacques Le Cacheux, 2011. "Agriculture mondiale et européenne : défis du XXIe siècle," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompq, Sciences Po.
  5. Jacques Le Cacheux, 2007. "Le nerf de la guerre (économique) : Les faiblesses du budget européen," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 89(3), pages 71-87.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1992_num_42_1_1290. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.