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Estimation de la demande domestique d'eau potable en France

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  • Arnaud Reynaud
  • Céline Nauges

Abstract

[fre] Peu de travaux ont été menés pour connaître la demande en eau potable des ménages en France. Nous proposons d'estimer la fonction de demande domestique en eau potable dans deux départements français qui sont relativement similaires du point de vue des ressources en eau mais qui diffèrent en termes de conditions climatiques et de caractéristiques socio-démographiques. Des variables de type socio-économiques et des données météorologiques ont en conséquence été introduites, outre les chiffres de consommation et de prix de l'eau, dans la fonction de demande. Les méthodes économétriques appliquées sont des méthodes spécifiques de traitement de données de panel, ce qui permet d'éviter tout biais dans l'estimation des coefficients. L'estimation séparée des deux échantillons fait apparaître une élasticité-prix de la demande significative, estimée à -0,08 et -0,22 dans les deux départements. L'élasticité revenu n'est significative que dans un département, où elle est estimée à 0,01. [eng] Estimation of the residential water demand function in France. . Few works have been done on the estimation of the residential water demand in France. We propose to estimate the residential water demand function in two french departments which are relatively similar in terms of water resources endowments but differ concerning climatic conditions and socio-demographic characteristics. Socio-economic and meteorologic variables have thus been introduced, in addition to water consumption and price of water, in the demand function. Specific econometric panel data methods are employed in order to avoid biased coefficients. The results emphasised a statistically significant price-elasticity in the two departments, estimated at - 0.22 and - 0.08. The income elasticity is significant in one of the two departments, evaluated at 0.01.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 167-185

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_1_410306

Note: DOI:10.2307/3502967
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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References

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  1. J. E. Schefter & E. L. David, 1985. "Estimating Residential Water Demand under Multi-Part Tariffs Using Aggregate Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 64(3), pages 272-280.
  2. Lars Gårn Hansen, 1996. "Water and Energy Price Impacts on Residential Water Demand in Copenhagen," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 72(1), pages 66-79.
  3. Michael L. Nieswiadomy & David J. Molina, 1989. "Comparing Residential Water Demand Estimates under Decreasing and Increasing Block Rates Using Household Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 65(3), pages 280-289.
  4. R. Bruce Billings, 1982. "Specification of Block Rate Price Variables in Demand Models," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 58(3), pages 386-394.
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Cited by:
  1. Garcia, Serge & Reynaud, Arnaud, 2004. "Estimating the benefits of efficient water pricing in France," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 1-25, March.
  2. Henrique Monteiro, 2010. "Residential Water Demand in Portugal: checking for efficiency-based justifications for increasing block tariffs," Working Papers Series 1 ercwp0110, ISCTE-IUL, Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL).
  3. Arnaud Reynaud, 2003. "An Econometric Estimation of Industrial Water Demand in France," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 25(2), pages 213-232, June.
  4. Fred Schroyen & Adekola Oyenuga, 2011. "Optimal pricing and capacity choice for a public service under risk of interruption," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 252-272, June.
  5. Arnaud Reynaud & Alban Thomas, 2005. "Demande domestique en eau et choix de délégation. Le cas français," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(5), pages 1145-1168.
  6. Alban Thomas & Céline Nauges, 2000. "Dynamique de la consommation d'eau potable des ménages : une étude sur un panel de communes françaises," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 143(2), pages 175-184.
  7. Serge Garcia & Alban Thomas, 2003. "Regulation of Public Utilities under Asymmetric Information," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 26(1), pages 145-162, September.

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