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The Role of The Unit of Analysisin Tax Policy Return Evaluations of Inequality and Social Welfare

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Author Info

  • John Creedy

    ()
    (The University of Melbourne)

  • Rosanna Scutella

    (The University of Melbourne)

Abstract

This paper examines the implications, for overall social welfare and inequality comparisons, of using different definitions of the unit of analysis in computing summary measures. The units considered are households, individuals and adult equivalent persons. Comparisons are made of the effects of flattening the marginal tax rate structure using the Melbourne Institute Tax and Transfer Simulator (MITTS), a simulation model of the Australian direct tax and benefit system. The reform was found to reduce inequality, no matter which unit of analysis was chosen. However, it was not always judged to improve social welfare, depending on the degree of inequality aversion and the unit of analysis chosen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School in its journal Australian Journal of Labour Economics.

Volume (Year): 7 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 89-108

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Handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:7:y:2004:i:1:p:89-108

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Postal: GPO Box U1987, Perth WA 6845
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Web page: http://business.curtin.edu.au/research/publications/journals/ajle/
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Related research

Keywords: Welfare and Poverty: General Welfare and Poverty: Other General Welfare; Basic Needs; Living Standards; Quality of Life;

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Cited by:
  1. Creedy, John, 2013. "Alternative Distributions for Inequality and Poverty Comparisons," Working Paper Series 2851, Victoria University of Wellington, Chair in Public Finance.
  2. Burlacu, Irina & O'Donoghue, Cathal, 2012. "Differential welfare state impacts for frontier working age families," MERIT Working Papers 061, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

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