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Land Reform and Farm Sector Restructuring in the Former Socialist Countries in Europe


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  • Csaki, Csaba
  • Lerman, Zvi


Land reform in former socialist countries is proceeding along the dual track of restitution to former owners and distribution to users. Privatisation of land is accompanied by restructuring of large-scale farm enterprises, where all the production assets and facilities accumulated during the collectivist era. Despite an impressive growth in the number of private farmers and the complete dismantling of collectives in some countries, farmers are not rushing to establish independent farms on private land. The majority prefer to remain in some sort of a collective, where they can combine the benefits of private production with the supportive framework of a larger cooperative organisation. The farming structure is developing toward a mixture of small family farms, larger multi-family or commercial units, and looser cooperatives and farmers' associations emerging from large-scale socialised farms. Copyright 1994 by Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics in its journal European Review of Agricultural Economics.

Volume (Year): 21 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3-4 ()
Pages: 553-76

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Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:21:y:1994:i:3-4:p:553-76

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Cited by:
  1. Dirk J. Bezemer, 2000. "Limitations on De-collectivisation in Central European Agriculture," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 00-037/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Schrader, Jörg-Volker, 1996. "Agricultural finance in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC): The case of Poland," Kiel Working Papers 735, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Bezemer, Dirk J., 2004. "Risk and agricultural de-collectivisation, with evidence from the Czech Republic," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 13-33, March.
  4. Bezemer, Dirk J., 2002. "Risk and De-Collectivisation: Evidence from the Czech Republic," 2002 International Congress, August 28-31, 2002, Zaragoza, Spain 24888, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  5. Brooks, Karen & Lerman, Zvi, 1995. "Restructuring of traditional farms and new land relations in Russia," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 11-25, October.
  6. Dirk J. Bezemer, 2000. "Limitations on De-collectivisation in Central European Agriculture," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 00-037/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  7. Neudert, Regina & Rühs, Michael, 2013. "The Race for Leasing Rights: Pasture Access and Institutional Change During Post-socialist Reforms in Azerbaijan," Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources Discussion Papers 148489, Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  8. Lerman, Zvi & Brooks, Karen & Csaki, Csaba, 1995. "Restructuring of traditional farms and new land relations in Ukraine," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 27-37, October.
  9. Darla Munroe, 2001. "Economic Efficiency in Polish Peasant Farming: An International Perspective," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(5), pages 461-471.
  10. Dirk W. Rudolph, 1999. "Vertical organization of agribusinesses in transition economies: Hungarian production systems or agricultural franchising?," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(1), pages 25-40.


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