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Industrial research versus development investment: the implications of financial constraints

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  • Dirk Czarnitzki
  • Hanna Hottenrott
  • Susanne Thorwarth

Abstract

Previous literature provided evidence on financing constraints for investment in research and development (R&D) activities due to capital market imperfections and special features of R&D investments. Moreover, it has been shown that a shift in capital structure towards more debt results in a reduction of R&D investments. This article complements this literature by compartmentalising R&D activities into its components, 'R' and 'D'. In particular, we distinguish research from development as these activities not only differ in their nature but also, to a large extent, take place sequentially. Our results show that 'R' investment is more sensitive to a firms' operating liquidity than 'D' indicating that firms have to rely even more on internal funds for financing their research compared with development activities. Moreover, we find that (basic) research subsidy recipients' investment is less sensitive to internal liquidity. Copyright The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Cambridge Political Economy Society. All rights reserved., Oxford University Press.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/cje/beq038
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Cambridge Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 35 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 527-544

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Handle: RePEc:oup:cambje:v:35:y:2011:i:3:p:527-544

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References

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  1. Anton, James J & Yao, Dennis A, 2002. "The Sale of Ideas: Strategic Disclosure, Property Rights, and Contracting," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(3), pages 513-31, July.
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  15. Chaoshin Chiao, 2002. "Relationship between debt, R&D and physical investment, evidence from US firm-level data," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 105-121.
  16. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Kraft, Kornelius & Thorwarth, Susanne, 2009. "The knowledge production of 'R' and 'D'," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 141-143, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Filipe Silva & Carlos Carreira, 2011. "Do financial constraints threat the innovation process? Evidence from Portuguese firms," GEMF Working Papers 2011-10, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra, revised Oct 2011.
  2. César Alonso-Borrego & José I. Galán-Zazo & Francisco Javier Forcadell & José Ángel Zúñiga-Vicente, 2012. "Assessing the effect of public subsidies on firm R&D investment : a survey," Economics Working Papers we1215, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  3. Peeters, T.J.G., 2013. "External knowledge search and use in new product development," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-5906731, Tilburg University.
  4. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Thorwarth, Susanne, 2012. "Productivity effects of basic research in low-tech and high-tech industries," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-027, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Hottenrott, Hanna & Rexhäuser, Sascha, 2013. "Policy-induced environmental technology and incentive efforts: Is there a crowding out?," ZEW Discussion Papers 13-115, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Hoewer, Daniel & Schmidt, Tobias & Sofka, Wolfgang, 2011. "An information economics perspective on main bank relationships and firm R&D," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-055, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Lopes-Bento, Cindy, 2012. "Value for money? New microeconometric evidence on public R&D grants in Flanders," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-034, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Hottenrott, Hanna & Rexhäuser, Sascha, 2013. "Policy-induced environmental technology and inventive efforts: Is there a crowding out?," DICE Discussion Papers 128, Heinrich‐Heine‐Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
  9. Hottenrott, Hanna & Rexhäuser, Sascha, 2013. "Policy-Induced Environmental Technology and Inventive Efforts: Is There a Crowding Out?," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79791, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  10. LOPES BENTO Cindy & CZARNITZKI Dirk, 2012. "Value for money? New microeconomic evidence on public R&D grants in Flanders," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2012-19, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  11. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Hottenrott, Hanna, 2012. "Collaborative R&D as a strategy to attenuate financing constraints," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-049, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  12. Colombo, Massimo G. & Croce, Annalisa & Guerini, Massimiliano, 2013. "The effect of public subsidies on firms’ investment–cash flow sensitivity: Transient or persistent?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 1605-1623.
  13. Filipe Silva & Carlos Carreira, 2012. "Financial Constraints: Do They Matter to R&D Subsidy Attribution?," GEMF Working Papers 2012-18, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.

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