Erhöhung der Mehrwertsteuer für Lebensmittel: Budget- und Wohlfahrtseffekte für Konsumenten
AbstractOn January 1st 2007 the Federal Republic of Germany increased the value added tax (VAT) from16%up to 19%. The reduced VAT for food of 7%has been is kept but it is often debated. The issue in debate is whether distributional effects between different groups of households occur if the VAT of food is increased up to 19%. The objective of this analysis is to quantify the welfare effects of an increase of the VAT for different German household groups. Furthermore budget effects are calculated, which look upon household expenditures before and after the VAT increase. The methodical basis of this analysis is the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) estimated with cross sectional data of 11,831 German households. Two aspects have to be taken into account with the use of cross-sectional data: insufficient price information and zero expenditures. To derive quality adjusted prices an approach of Cox/Wohlgenannt (1986) is applied. To take censoring of the dependent variables into account a procedure of Shonkwiler/Yen (1999) was employed. The results show that low income households and households with children will have comparatively high welfare losses.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Volume (Year): 230 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Licher Straße 74, 35394 Gießen
Phone: +49 (0)641 99 22 001
Fax: +49 (0)641 99 22 009
Web page: http://wiwi.uni-giessen.de/home/oekonometrie/Jahrbuecher/
More information through EDIRC
Value added tax; foods; welfare effects; budget effects; price elasticities; almost ideal demand system;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Peter Winker).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.