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Efficiency Wages, Inflation And Growth

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  • Harilaos Mertzanis

    ()
    (Hellenic Capital Market Commission)

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    Abstract

    The efficiency wage hypothesis is introduced and a work effort function is specified in which labor productivity depends on the distribution of income between wages and profits and the general level of output. The function is then incorporated in a structuralist-Keynesian growth model in which investment decisions depend on income distribution, inflation and the level of output. A ¡®conflict theory of inflation¡¯ is then developed in which wage and price change depend on real income aspirations and the rate of employment. It is, then, shown that changes in income distribution exert a direct effect, via aggregate demand, and an indirect effect, via work effort, on output and inflation. The two separate effects may be complementary or contradictory. The direction and magnitude of the overall impact on inflation and growth depends on institutional factors, such as the specification of the effort function, the different savings propensities, the determinants of capital accumulation and the state of income distribution.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics in its journal Journal Of Economic Development.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (December)
    Pages: 131-151

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    Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:34:y:2009:i:2:p:131-151

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    Related research

    Keywords: Efficiency Wages; Conflict Inflation; Growth;

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    1. Steinar Holden & Fredrik Wulfsberg, 2007. "Are real wages rigid downwards?," Working Paper 2007/01, Norges Bank.
    2. Luis J. Álvarez & Emmanuel Dhyne & Marco Hoeberichts & Claudia Kwapil & Hervé Le Bihan & Patrick Lünnemann & Fernando Martins & Roberto Sabbatini & Harald Stahl & Philip Vermeulen & Jouko Vilmunen, 2006. "Sticky Prices in the Euro Area: A Summary of New Micro-Evidence," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(2-3), pages 575-584, 04-05.
    3. Philip Arestis & Malcolm Sawyer, 2005. "Aggregate demand, conflict and capacity in the inflationary process," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(6), pages 959-974, November.
    4. Dias, D. & Dossche, M. & Gautier, E. & Hernando, I. & Sabbatini , R. & Stahl , H. & Vermeulen, P., 2007. "Macro Price setting in the euro area: Some stylised facts from Individual Producer Price," Working papers 164, Banque de France.
    5. Dean Baker & Andrew Glyn & David Howell & John Schmitt, 2002. "Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment: A Critical Assessment of the Cross-Country Evidence," SCEPA working paper series. SCEPA's main areas of research are macroeconomic policy, inequality and poverty, and globalization. 2002-17, Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School.
    6. Skott, Peter, 1988. "Finance, Saving and Accumulation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(3), pages 339-54, September.
    7. Green, Francis, 1988. "Neoclassical and Marxian Conceptions of Production," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(3), pages 299-312, September.
    8. Dutt, Amitava Krishna, 1984. "Stagnation, Income Distribution and Monopoly Power," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(1), pages 25-40, March.
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