Efficiency Wages, Inflation And Growth
AbstractThe efficiency wage hypothesis is introduced and a work effort function is specified in which labor productivity depends on the distribution of income between wages and profits and the general level of output. The function is then incorporated in a structuralist-Keynesian growth model in which investment decisions depend on income distribution, inflation and the level of output. A ¡®conflict theory of inflation¡¯ is then developed in which wage and price change depend on real income aspirations and the rate of employment. It is, then, shown that changes in income distribution exert a direct effect, via aggregate demand, and an indirect effect, via work effort, on output and inflation. The two separate effects may be complementary or contradictory. The direction and magnitude of the overall impact on inflation and growth depends on institutional factors, such as the specification of the effort function, the different savings propensities, the determinants of capital accumulation and the state of income distribution.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics in its journal Journal Of Economic Development.
Volume (Year): 34 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
Efficiency Wages; Conflict Inflation; Growth;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
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