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The impact of European enlargement on the direction and prospects of Brussels exports

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  • Karolien De Bruyne
  • Jan Van Hove

Abstract

Previous studies have argued that the enlargement of the European Union triggered a geographical reorientation and diversification in the exports by European Union member states, caused by a combination of trade creation and trade diversion. This paper adds to the existing literature, by analysing the export dynamics and potentials of a city rather than a country. It focuses on Brussels, the European capital. Our findings indicate that the new European Union member states became important destination markets for Brussels exports in recent years. Moreover, there appear to be large export potentials for Brussels products, in particular in Latin American and certain Asian markets. The export potentials within the European Union are more limited, although several new European Union member states are likely to become more important trading partners.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Inderscience Enterprises Ltd in its journal Int. J. of Public Policy.

Volume (Year): 9 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 188-214

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Handle: RePEc:ids:ijpubp:v:9:y:2013:i:3:p:188-214

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Web page: http://www.inderscience.com/browse/index.php?journalID=97

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Keywords: European integration; Brussels; European Union; EU; cities; exports; trade creation; trade diversion; destination markets; export potential; trading partners.;

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  1. Alan Deardorff, 1998. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," NBER Chapters, in: The Regionalization of the World Economy, pages 7-32 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Arjan Lejour & Ruud de Mooij & Richard Nahuis, 2001. "EU enlargement: economic implications for countries and industries," CPB Document 11, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  8. Yener Kandogan, 2006. "The Reorientation of Transition Countries’ Exports: Changes in Quantity, Quality and Variety," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 216-229, July.
  9. Christos Papazoglou & Eric J. Pentecost & Helena Marques, 2006. "A Gravity Model Forecast of the Potential Trade Effects of EU Enlargement: Lessons from 2004 and Path-dependency in Integration," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(8), pages 1077-1089, 08.
  10. Shepotylo, Oleksandr, 2010. "A Gravity Model of Net Benefits of EU Membership : The Case of Ukraine," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 25, pages 676-702.
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