Erfolgsfaktoren von Existenzgründungen aus der Arbeitsmarktpolitik : eine multivariate Betrachtung vormals arbeitsloser Existenzgründer, die vom Arbeitsamt mit dem Überbrückungsgeld (§ 57 SGB III) gefördert werden (Success factors of small businesses set up by previously unemployed individuals : a multivariate examination of previously unemployed people who set up their own businesses and were supported by the Employment Office with the Bridging Allowance (§ 57 Social Code III))
Abstract"For almost one and a half decades now unemployed people who wish to become self-employed have been supported by the Employment Office by means of the bridging allowance (§57 Social Code III, previously §55a Employment Promotion Act). What was initially viewed sceptically and discussed quite controversially is today an important instrument of active labour market policy. What started out as 5,576 people granted the allowance in 1986 had grown to 98,114 people in 1999. The funding volume of the support programme also grew accordingly. At the same time the support from the Employment Office has gained considerable significance for the self-employment scene in Germany. For instance in the last two years almost one in five new business start-ups in Germany was realised with the aid of the Employment Office. Last year alone the Federal Employment Services spent some DM 1.5 billion on supporting unemployed people who were prepared to become self-employed. This is reason enough to subject the effect and success of the bridging allowance to a critical appreciation. Impact research is absolutely essential for an effective and efficient allocation of resources from insurance funds, for the further development of the support instrument and finally also for deriving recommendations of action for the policy-makers. The primary aim of the IAB study was thus not only to obtain structural information about those receiving the bridging allowance but also to examine various success indicators both at individual level and at the macro-level of the labour market. In addition to this a further focus of the project was the causal-analytical examination of possible success factors. Key determinants here proved to be in particular start-up capital and business-specific human capital. The support of new businesses should start here, but without causing distortions of competition as a result of spontaneous interventions in the market structure." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt– und Berufsforschung.
Volume (Year): 33 (2000)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Unternehmenserfolg - Determinanten; Selbständige; arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme - Erfolgskontrolle; berufliche Selbständigkeit - Förderung;
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Michael Lechner & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 1992.
"Planning for Self-Employment at the Beginning of a Market Economy: Evidence from Individual Data of East German Workers,"
Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin
42, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
- Lechner, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 1993. " Planning for Self-Employment at the Beginning of a Market Economy: Evidence from Individual Data of East German Workers," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 5(2), pages 111-28, June.
- Lechner, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 1992. "Planning for self-employment at the beginning of a market economy: evidence from individual data of East German workers," ZEW Discussion Papers 92-01, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
- Blanchflower, David G & Oswald, Andrew J, 1998.
"What Makes an Entrepreneur?,"
Journal of Labor Economics,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 26-60, January.
- Schultz, Theodore W, 1980. " Investment in Entrepreneurial Ability," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 82(4), pages 437-48.
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