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Visualizing Consolidation in the Global Seed Industry: 1996–2008

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  • Philip H. Howard

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    (Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies, Michigan State University, 316 Natural Resources, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA)

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    Abstract

    The commercial seed industry has undergone tremendous consolidation in the last 40 years as transnational corporations entered this agricultural sector, and acquired or merged with competing firms. This trend is associated with impacts that constrain the opportunities for renewable agriculture, such as reductions in seed lines and a declining prevalence of seed saving. To better characterize the current structure of the industry, ownership changes from 1996 to 2008 are represented visually with information graphics. Since the commercialization of transgenic crops in the mid-1990s, the sale of seeds has become dominated globally by Monsanto, DuPont and Syngenta. In addition, the largest firms are increasingly networked through agreements to cross-license transgenic seed traits.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 1266-1287

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:1:y:2009:i:4:p:1266-1287:d:6464

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    Related research

    Keywords: seed industry; consolidation; concentration; oligopoly; information graphics;

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    1. Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo & Richard E. Just, 2007. "Researchability of Modern Agricultural Input Markets and Growing Concentration," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1269-1275.
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    Cited by:
    1. Nolan, Elizabeth & Santos, Paulo & Shi, Guanming, 2012. "Market concentration and productivity in the United States corn sector: 2002-2009," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association 125941, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Zhou, Minyu & Sheldon, Ian, 2013. "The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Seed Technology Transfer through Trade – Evidence from U.S. Field Crop Seed Exports," Proceedings Issues, 2013: Productivity and Its Impacts on Global Trade, June 2-4, 2013. Seville, Spain, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium 152368, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.

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