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Geographic Concentration and Development Potential of Poultry Microenterprises and Value Chain: A Study Based on Suitable Sites in Gazipur, Bangladesh

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Author Info

  • Syeda Khaleda

    ()
    (Division of Spatial Information Science, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 305-8572, Japan)

  • Yuji Murayama

    ()
    (Division of Spatial Information Science, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 305-8572, Japan)

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    Abstract

    In Bangladesh, many poultry microenterprises (MEs) have flourished through the lending of microcredit to the poor. These MEs are linked to the value chain and play a significant role in poverty reduction. Not all of these MEs are located in favorable places. Almost all are developed utilizing homestead lands, which results in poor input supply and marketing facilities, and causes higher costs and less profit. This paper tries to uncover the constraints in value chain development, mainly those related to its physical and infrastructural environment; verify the potential of MEs through an analysis of their geographic concentration in sites with different suitability levels; and make recommendations as to how to overcome the constraints, with a view to ensuring higher profit levels for vulnerable poor. The suitability of sites was delineated through Geographic Information System (GIS). The analysis—a combination of field survey data with a site suitability map of farms/MEs concentration—is important, because it helps to validate the GIS analysis-based results of sites’ suitability, helps supporters to design interventions in areas where the farms exist, and thus, helps farmers in vulnerable sites to lift themselves out of poverty.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Social Sciences.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 3 (August)
    Pages: 147-167

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jscscx:v:2:y:2013:i:3:p:147-167:d:27795

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    Related research

    Keywords: microfinance; poultry microenterprise; spatial distribution; GIS; sites’ suitability; development; poverty reduction;

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    References

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    1. Shahidur R. Khandker, 2005. "Microfinance and Poverty: Evidence Using Panel Data from Bangladesh," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 19(2), pages 263-286.
    2. Herath, Deepananda P.B. & Weersink, Alfons & Carpentier, Chantal Line, 2003. "Spatial Dynamics Of The Livestock Sector In The United States: Do Environmental Regulations Matter?," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22059, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Aloysius Gunadi, Brata, 2007. "Spatial Concentration of the Informal Small and Cottage Industry in Indonesia," MPRA Paper 12622, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.
    4. Kruska, R. L. & Reid, R. S. & Thornton, P. K. & Henninger, N. & Kristjanson, P. M., 2003. "Mapping livestock-oriented agricultural production systems for the developing world," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 39-63, July.
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