Minority workers in the Tenth District: rising presence, rising challenges
AbstractThe population of the Tenth Federal Reserve District has become increasingly diverse in recent decades. Since 1970, the share of ethnic and racial minorities in the district has nearly doubled, reaching 25 percent of the area's population in 2005. Minority job situations and earnings have long been topics of national interest for economic researchers and public policymakers. Further, minority workers are a rapidly growing part of the district's labor force and thus a vital resource for district businesses. ; Wilkerson and Williams consider the jobs and earnings of Tenth District minority groups, both for today and over the next five to ten years. After detailing the growth, location, and size of minority groups, they examine the current pay and occupations of minority workers. Next, they explore the five-to-ten-year outlook for jobs held by minorities and compare it with projections for the future supply of minority workers in the district. Finally, they address implications of the findings for minority workers. ; The authors find that the district's three largest minority groups - Hispanics, blacks, and Native Americans - are much less concentrated in high-paying occupations than are non-Hispanic whites. High-paying jobs generally require higher skill and educational levels - advantages that these three minority groups often lack. Moreover, the five-to-ten-year outlook for jobs held by these groups is not as bright as the outlook for jobs held by non-Hispanic whites, when both expected quantity and quality of future job growth are taken into account. More education will be needed to boost both the long-term and short-term job prospects for minorities in the Tenth District.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City in its journal Economic Review.
Volume (Year): (2006)
Issue (Month): Q IV ()
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Bound, John & Freeman, Richard B, 1992.
"What Went Wrong? The Erosion of Relative Earnings and Employment among Young Black Men in the 1980s,"
The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
MIT Press, vol. 107(1), pages 201-32, February.
- John Bound & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "What Went Wrong? The Erosion of Relative Earnings and Employment Among Young Black Men in the 1980s," NBER Working Papers 3778, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Neal, Derek A & Johnson, William R, 1996.
"The Role of Premarket Factors in Black-White Wage Differences,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 869-95, October.
- Derek A. Neal & William R. Johnson, 1995. "The Role of Pre-Market Factors in Black-White Wage Differences," NBER Working Papers 5124, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- George J. Borjas & Jeffrey Grogger & Gordon H. Hanson, 2006. "Immigration and African-American Employment Opportunities: The Response of Wages, Employment, and Incarceration to Labor Supply Shocks," NBER Working Papers 12518, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- June E. O'Neill & Dave M. O'Neill, 2005. "What Do Wage Differentials Tell Us about Labor Market Discrimination?," NBER Working Papers 11240, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Paul Gabriel, 2004. "Differences in earnings, skills and labour market experience among young black and white men," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(6), pages 337-341.
- Harry J. Holzer, 1998. "Employer skill demands and labor market outcomes of blacks and women," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 52(1), pages 82-98, October.
- William R. Keeton & Geoffrey B. Newton, 2006. "Migration in the Tenth District : long-term trends and current developments," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q III, pages 33-74.
- Trejo, Stephen J, 1997. "Why Do Mexican Americans Earn Low Wages?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(6), pages 1235-68, December.
- Hurst, Michael, 1997. "The determinants of earnings differentials for indigenous Americans: Human capital, location, or discrimination?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 787-807.
- Chiswick, Barry R & Miller, Paul W, 1995. "The Endogeneity between Language and Earnings: International Analyses," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 246-88, April.
- Altonji, Joseph G & Dunn, Thomas A, 1996. "The Effects of Family Characteristics on the Return to Education," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(4), pages 692-704, November.
- Deborah Anderson & David Shapiro, 1996. "Racial differences in access to high-paying jobs and the wage gap between black and white women," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 49(2), pages 273-286, January.
- William A. Darity & Patrick L. Mason, 1998. "Evidence on Discrimination in Employment: Codes of Color, Codes of Gender," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 63-90, Spring.
- Chad R. Wilkerson & Megan D. Williams, 2007. "The Tenth District's defining industries: how are they changing?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q III, pages 59-81.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (LDayrit).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.