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La Curva De Phillips Y La Crítica De Friedman

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  • José Francisco Bellod Redondo

Abstract

En este trabajo examinamos la crítica de Friedman a la Curva de Phillips. Asumiendo que el salario real equilibra el mercado de trabajo, demostramos la inconsistencia lógica del análisis de Friedman: la verticalidad de la curva de Phillips sólo es posible si el desequilibrio en el mercado de trabajo no afecta al stock de capital de la economía. Finalmente, aplicamos nuestro hallazgo a la economía española (1960 - 2003), utilizando la metodología VAR, obteniendo que la curva de Phillips tiene pendiente negativa en el largo plazo.

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File URL: http://www.eumed.net/ce/2007c/jfbr-phillips.htm
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Grupo Eumed.net (Universidad de Málaga) in its journal Contribuciones a la Economía.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 2007-12 (December)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:erv:contri:y:2007:i:2007-12:2

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Web page: http://www.eumed.net/ce/

Related research

Keywords: Phillips´ Curve; Monetarism; Wage Adjustment;

References

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  1. Schaling, E., 1998. "The Nonlinear Phillips Curve and Inflation Forecast Targeting - Symmetric Versus Asymmetric Monetary Policy Rules," Discussion Paper 1998-136, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  2. Gómez García, F. & Rebollo Sanz, Y. & Usabiaga Ibáñez, C., 2002. "Nuevas estimaciones de la NAIRU de la economía española: métodos directos," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 20, pages 509-530, Diciembre.
  3. Thomas J. Sargent, 1973. "Rational Expectations, the Real Rate of Interest, and the Natural Rate of Unemployment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 4(2), pages 429-480.
  4. N. Gregory Mankiw, 2000. "The Inexorable and Mysterious Tradeoff Between Inflation and Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 7884, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Jordi Galí, 2000. "The return of the Phillips curve and other recent developments in business cycle theory," Spanish Economic Review, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-10.
  6. Ana R. de Lamo & Juan J. Dolado, 1993. "Un modelo del mercado de trabajo y la restricción de oferta en la economía española," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 17(1), pages 87-118, January.
  7. N. Gregory Mankiw & Ricardo Reis, 2001. "Sticky Information Versus Sticky Prices: A Proposal to Replace the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," NBER Working Papers 8290, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-38, July.
  9. Eric Schaling, 1999. "The non-linear Phillips curve and inflation forecast targeting," Bank of England working papers 98, Bank of England.
  10. Beatriz Rodríguez Prado, 1995. "La tasa natural de desempleo en la economía española: un intento de cuantificación," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 3, pages 133-151, Junio.
  11. Juan J. Dolado & J. David López-Salido & Juan L. Vega, 2000. "Unemployment and inflation persistence in Spain: Are there Phillips trade-offs?," Spanish Economic Review, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 267-291.
  12. Inés P. Murillo & Carlos Usabiaga, . "Estimaciones De La Tasa De Paro De Equilibrio De La Economía Española A Partir De La Ley De Okun," Working Papers 15-03 Classification-JEL , Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
  13. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1975. ""Rational" Expectations, the Optimal Monetary Instrument, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(2), pages 241-54, April.
  14. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-34, June.
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Cited by:
  1. José Francisco Bellod Redondo, 2011. "El monetarismo amable de David Hume," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 387-393, July-Dece.

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  1. Milton Friedman in Wikipedia Spanish ne '')
  2. Curva de Phillips in Wikipedia Spanish ne '')

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