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Variations in Maternal and Child Well-Being among Financially Eligible Mothers by TANF Participation Status

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Author Info

  • Nancy E. Reichman

    ()
    (Department of Pediatrics, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey)

  • Julien O. Teitler

    (School of Social Work, Columbia University)

  • Irwin Garfinkel

    (School of Social Work, Columbia University)

  • Sandra Garcia

    (School of Social Work, Columbia University)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    We use baseline and one year follow-up data from the national Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to compare levels of hardship across the following groups of TANF-eligible mothers: those receiving TANF at the time of the follow-up interview; those who had received TANF during the year but left the rolls possibly because they were sanctioned or hit term limits; those who had received TANF during the year but left the rolls, were not sanctioned, and could not have hit term limits; and those who had not participated at all. We find that 45% of eligible mothers do not participate in TANF, that all groups of eligible mothers have high levels of hardship, and that TANF leavers who were sanctioned or may have hit term limits are markedly worse off at one year than any other group in terms of both extreme material hardship and poor mental health.

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    File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume30/V30N1P101_118.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 (Winter)
    Pages: 101-118

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    Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:30:y:2004:i:1:p:101-118

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    Web page: http://www.ramapo.edu/eea/journal.html
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    Related research

    Keywords: Child; Mothers; Well Being;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Jeff Grogger & Charles Michalopoulos, 1999. "Welfare Dynamics Under Time Limits," NBER Working Papers 7353, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Robert F. Schoeni & Rebecca M. Blank, 2000. "What Has Welfare Reform Accomplished? Impacts on Welfare Participation, Employment, Income, Poverty, and Family Structure," Working Papers 00-02, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
    3. J. P. Ziliak & D. N. Figlio & E. E. Davis & L. S. Connolly, . "Accounting for the Decline in AFDC Caseloads: Welfare Reform or Economic Growth?," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1151-97, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    4. Rebecca M. Blank, 2002. "Evaluating Welfare Reform in the United States," NBER Working Papers 8983, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Sheldon Danziger & Colleen M. Heflin & Mary Corcoran & Elizabeth Oltmans, 2002. "Does it Pay to Move from Welfare to Work?," JCPR Working Papers 254, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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    Cited by:
    1. Roderick Rose & Susan Parish & Joan Yoo, 2009. "Measuring Material Hardship among the US Population of Women with Disabilities Using Latent Class Analysis," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 94(3), pages 391-415, December.

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