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A five-year follow-up among older people after an outdoor environment intervention

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  • Ståhl, Agneta
  • Horstmann, Vibeke
  • Iwarsson, Susanne
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    Abstract

    This study investigates older inhabitants’ appreciation of environmental measures taken in their residential area and the effect on perceived difficulty as pedestrians and in outdoor activity. The study is based on data collected with a mailed questionnaire at baseline and at a 5-year follow-up (after intervention) posted to 195 people aged 65+ in a residential area in a medium-sized Swedish town, rather typical for Northern Europe. Appreciation of the environment was analysed overall and in sub-groups. Overall appreciation was higher for women, in particular as regards longer green time at signalised crossings, and for those reporting better perceived health, in particular concerning separation between bicyclists and pedestrians. As concerns changes in perceived difficulty as pedestrians and in outdoor activity, no differences were found, either overall or in sub-groups. However, the study identifies which environmental measures older people appreciate, indicating that certain sub-groups may benefit more from interventions in the outdoor environment.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

    Volume (Year): 27 (2013)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 134-141

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:27:y:2013:i:c:p:134-141

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    Related research

    Keywords: Neighborhood; Walkability; Retirement; Usability; Older adults;

    References

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    1. Sara Wilcox & Melissa Bopp & Larissa Oberrecht & Sandra K. Kammermann & Charles T. McElmurray, 2003. "Psychosocial and Perceived Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity in Rural and Older African American and White Women," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 58(6), pages P329-P337.
    2. Bowling, Ann & Stafford, Mai, 2007. "How do objective and subjective assessments of neighbourhood influence social and physical functioning in older age? Findings from a British survey of ageing," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(12), pages 2533-2549, June.
    3. Wennberg, Hanna & Hydén, Christer & Ståhl, Agneta, 2010. "Barrier-free outdoor environments: Older peoples' perceptions before and after implementation of legislative directives," Transport Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 464-474, November.
    4. Takemi Sugiyama & Catharine Ward Thompson, 2007. "Outdoor environments, activity and the well-being of older people: conceptualising environmental support," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 39(8), pages 1943-1960, August.
    5. John R. Beard & Shannon Blaney & Magda Cerda & Victoria Frye & Gina S. Lovasi & Danielle Ompad & Andrew Rundle & David Vlahov, 2009. "Neighborhood Characteristics and Disability in Older Adults," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 64(2), pages 252-257.
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