Who gentrifies low-income neighborhoods?
AbstractThis paper uses confidential Census data, specifically the 1990 and 2000 Census Long Form data, to study demographic processes in neighborhoods that gentrified during the 1990s. In contrast to previous studies, the analysis is conducted at the more refined census-tract level, with a narrower definition of gentrification and more closely matched comparison neighborhoods. Furthermore, our access to individual-level data with census tract identifiers allows us to separately identify recent in-migrants and long-term residents. Our results indicate that, on average, the demographic flows associated with the gentrification of urban neighborhoods during the 1990s are not consistent with displacement and harm to minority households. In fact, taken as a whole, our results suggest that gentrification of predominantly black neighborhoods creates neighborhoods that are attractive to middle-class black households.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.
Volume (Year): 67 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905
Gentrification Demographics Neighborhood change Residential mobility Displacement;
Other versions of this item:
- McKinnish, Terra & Walsh, Randall & White, T. Kirk, 2007. "Who Gentrifies Low-income Neighborhoods?," MPRA Paper 6671, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2007.
- Terra McKinnish & Randall Walsh & T. Kirk White, 2008. "Who Gentrifies Low Income Neighborhoods?," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 08-02, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Terra McKinnish & Randall Walsh & Kirk White, 2008. "Who Gentrifies Low-Income Neighborhoods?," NBER Working Papers 14036, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
- R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- John M. Clapp & Stephen L. Ross, 2001.
"Schools and housing markets: an examination of school segregation and performance in Connecticut,"
Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
910, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
- John M. Clapp & Stephen L. Ross, 2004. "Schools and Housing Markets: An Examination of School Segregation and Performance in Connecticut," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(499), pages F425-F440, November.
- John M. Clapp & Stephen L. Ross, 2002. "Schools and Housing Markets: An Examination of School Segregation and Performance in Connecticut," Working papers, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics 2002-08, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
- Rosenthal, Stuart S., 2008. "Old homes, externalities, and poor neighborhoods. A model of urban decline and renewal," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 816-840, May.
- Coulson, N Edward & Bond, Eric W, 1990.
"A Hedonic Approach to Residential Succession,"
The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press,
MIT Press, vol. 72(3), pages 433-44, August.
- Bond, E.W. & Coulson, N.E., 1988. "A Hedonic Approach To Residential Succession," Papers, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics 2-88-1, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
- Jan K. Brueckner & Stuart S. Rosenthal, 2005. "Gentrification and Neighborhood Housing Cycles: Will Americaâ€™s Future Downtowns Be Rich?," Working Papers, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics 050611, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics.
- David Card & Alexandre Mas & Jesse Rothstein, 2007.
"Tipping and the Dynamics of Segregation,"
NBER Working Papers
13052, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Sweeney, James L., 1974. "A commodity hierarchy model of the rental housing market," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 288-323, July.
- Elvin K Wyly & Daniel J Hammel, 2004. "Gentrification, segregation, and discrimination in the American urban system," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 36(7), pages 1215-1241, July.
- McKinnish, Terra & White, T. Kirk, 2011.
"Who moves to mixed-income neighborhoods?,"
Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier,
Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 187-195, May.
- Terra McKinnish & T. Kirk White, 2010. "Who Moves to Mixed-Income Neighborhoods?," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 10-18, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Vigdor, Jacob L., 2010.
"Is urban decay bad? Is urban revitalization bad too?,"
Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier,
Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 277-289, November.
- Jacob L. Vigdor, 2007. "Is Urban Decay Bad? Is Urban Revitalization Bad Too?," NBER Working Papers 12955, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Ingrid Gould Ellen & Katherine M. O'Regan, 2010. "How Low Income Neighborhoods Change: Entry, Exit and Enhancement," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 10-19, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Daniel Hartley & T. William Lester, 2013.
"The long-term employment impacts of gentrification in the 1990s,"
Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
1307, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
- Lester, T. William & Hartley, Daniel A., 2014. "The long term employment impacts of gentrification in the 1990s," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 80-89.
- H. Spencer Banzhaf & Randall P. Walsh, 2010. "Segregation and Tiebout Sorting: Investigating the Link between Investments in Public Goods and Neighborhood Tipping," NBER Working Papers 16057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Gabriel Ahlfeldt, 2010. "Blessing or Curse? Appreciation, Amenities and Resistance around the Berlin "Mediaspree"," Working Papers, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg 032, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
- Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M., 2011. "Blessing or curse? Appreciation, amenities and resistance to urban renewal," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 32-45, January.
- Ellen, Ingrid Gould & O'Regan, Katherine M., 2011. "How low income neighborhoods change: Entry, exit, and enhancement," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 89-97, March.
- Schuetz, Jenny & Kolko, Jed & Meltzer, Rachel, 2012. "Are poor neighborhoods “retail deserts”?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 269-285.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.