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Who gentrifies low-income neighborhoods?

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  • McKinnish, Terra
  • Walsh, Randall
  • Kirk White, T.

Abstract

This paper uses confidential Census data, specifically the 1990 and 2000 Census Long Form data, to study demographic processes in neighborhoods that gentrified during the 1990s. In contrast to previous studies, the analysis is conducted at the more refined census-tract level, with a narrower definition of gentrification and more closely matched comparison neighborhoods. Furthermore, our access to individual-level data with census tract identifiers allows us to separately identify recent in-migrants and long-term residents. Our results indicate that, on average, the demographic flows associated with the gentrification of urban neighborhoods during the 1990s are not consistent with displacement and harm to minority households. In fact, taken as a whole, our results suggest that gentrification of predominantly black neighborhoods creates neighborhoods that are attractive to middle-class black households.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 67 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Pages: 180-193

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:67:y:2010:i:2:p:180-193

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

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Keywords: Gentrification Demographics Neighborhood change Residential mobility Displacement;

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References

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  1. John M. Clapp & Stephen L. Ross, 2001. "Schools and housing markets: an examination of school segregation and performance in Connecticut," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago 910, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  2. Rosenthal, Stuart S., 2008. "Old homes, externalities, and poor neighborhoods. A model of urban decline and renewal," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 816-840, May.
  3. Coulson, N Edward & Bond, Eric W, 1990. "A Hedonic Approach to Residential Succession," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 72(3), pages 433-44, August.
  4. Jan K. Brueckner & Stuart S. Rosenthal, 2005. "Gentrification and Neighborhood Housing Cycles: Will America’s Future Downtowns Be Rich?," Working Papers, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics 050611, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics.
  5. David Card & Alexandre Mas & Jesse Rothstein, 2007. "Tipping and the Dynamics of Segregation," NBER Working Papers 13052, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Sweeney, James L., 1974. "A commodity hierarchy model of the rental housing market," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 288-323, July.
  7. Elvin K Wyly & Daniel J Hammel, 2004. "Gentrification, segregation, and discrimination in the American urban system," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 36(7), pages 1215-1241, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. McKinnish, Terra & White, T. Kirk, 2011. "Who moves to mixed-income neighborhoods?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 187-195, May.
  2. Vigdor, Jacob L., 2010. "Is urban decay bad? Is urban revitalization bad too?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 277-289, November.
  3. Ingrid Gould Ellen & Katherine M. O'Regan, 2010. "How Low Income Neighborhoods Change: Entry, Exit and Enhancement," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 10-19, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  4. Daniel Hartley & T. William Lester, 2013. "The long-term employment impacts of gentrification in the 1990s," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland 1307, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  5. H. Spencer Banzhaf & Randall P. Walsh, 2010. "Segregation and Tiebout Sorting: Investigating the Link between Investments in Public Goods and Neighborhood Tipping," NBER Working Papers 16057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Gabriel Ahlfeldt, 2010. "Blessing or Curse? Appreciation, Amenities and Resistance around the Berlin "Mediaspree"," Working Papers, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg 032, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  7. Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M., 2011. "Blessing or curse? Appreciation, amenities and resistance to urban renewal," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 32-45, January.
  8. Ellen, Ingrid Gould & O'Regan, Katherine M., 2011. "How low income neighborhoods change: Entry, exit, and enhancement," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 89-97, March.
  9. Schuetz, Jenny & Kolko, Jed & Meltzer, Rachel, 2012. "Are poor neighborhoods “retail deserts”?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 269-285.

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