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Counterparty credit risk and the credit default swap market

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  • Arora, Navneet
  • Gandhi, Priyank
  • Longstaff, Francis A.
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    Abstract

    Counterparty credit risk has become one of the highest-profile risks facing participants in the financial markets. Despite this, relatively little is known about how counterparty credit risk is actually priced. We examine this issue using an extensive proprietary data set of contemporaneous CDS transaction prices and quotes by 14 different CDS dealers selling credit protection on the same underlying firm. This unique cross-sectional data set allows us to identify directly how dealers' credit risk affects the prices of these controversial credit derivatives. We find that counterparty credit risk is priced in the CDS market. The magnitude of the effect, however, is vanishingly small and is consistent with a market structure in which participants require collateralization of swap liabilities by counterparties.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Financial Economics.

    Volume (Year): 103 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 280-293

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:103:y:2012:i:2:p:280-293

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505576

    Related research

    Keywords: Counterparty credit risk; Credit default swaps; Collateralization;

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    References

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    1. Francis A. Longstaff & Sanjay Mithal & Eric Neis, 2005. "Corporate Yield Spreads: Default Risk or Liquidity? New Evidence from the Credit Default Swap Market," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(5), pages 2213-2253, October.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Gündüz, Yalin & Nasev, Julia & Trapp, Monika, 2013. "The price impact of CDS trading," CFR Working Papers 12-12 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    2. Shih-Kang Chao & Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Hien Pham-Thu, 2014. "Credit Risk Calibration based on CDS Spreads," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2014-026, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    3. Duffie, Darrell & Scheicher, Martin & Vuillemey, Guillaume, 2014. "Central clearing and collateral demand," Working Paper Series 1638, European Central Bank.
    4. Gelman, Maria & Jochem, Axel & Reitz, Stefan, 2013. "Real financial market exchange rates and capital flows," Discussion Papers 50/2013, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
    5. Arnold, Marc & Schuette, Dustin & Wagner, Alexander, . "Pay Attention or Pay Extra: Evidence on the Compensation of Investors for the Implicit Credit Risk of Structured Products," Working Papers on Finance 1406, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    6. Filipović, Damir & Trolle, Anders B., 2013. "The term structure of interbank risk," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 109(3), pages 707-733.
    7. Peltonen, Tuomas A. & Scheicher, Martin & Vuillemey, Guillaume, 2013. "The network structure of the CDS market and its determinants," Working Paper Series 1583, European Central Bank.
    8. Bhaskar DasGupta & Lakshmi Kaligounder, 2014. "Densely Entangled Financial Systems," Papers 1402.5208, arXiv.org.
    9. Trapp, Monika & Wewel, Claudio, 2013. "Transatlantic systemic risk," CFR Working Papers 12-10 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    10. Asaf Bernstein & Eric Hughson & Marc D. Weidenmier, 2014. "Counterparty Risk and the Establishment of the New York Stock Exchange Clearinghouse," NBER Working Papers 20459, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Patrick Augustin, 2012. "Sovereign Credit Default Swap Premia," Working Papers, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics 12-10, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    12. Óscar Arce & Sergio Mayordomo & Juan Ignacio Peña, 2012. "Credit-Risk Valuation in the Sovereign CDS and Bonds Markets: Evidence from the Euro Area Crisis," Faculty Working Papers 22/12, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
    13. Tölö , Eero & Jokivuolle, Esa & Viren, Matti, 2014. "Do private signals of a bank’s creditworthiness predict the bank’s CDS price? Evidence from the Eurosystem's overnight loan rates," Research Discussion Papers 9/2014, Bank of Finland.
    14. Loon, Yee Cheng & Zhong, Zhaodong Ken, 2014. "The impact of central clearing on counterparty risk, liquidity, and trading: Evidence from the credit default swap market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 91-115.
    15. Rama Cont & Thomas Kokholm, 2013. "Central Clearing of OTC Derivatives: bilateral vs multilateral netting," Papers 1304.5065, arXiv.org.
    16. Trapp, Monika & Wewel, Claudio, 2013. "Transatlantic systemic risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4241-4255.

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