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Finding Eldorado: Slavery and long-run development in Colombia

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Author Info

  • Acemoglu, Daron
  • García-Jimeno, Camilo
  • Robinson, James A.

Abstract

Slavery has been a major institution of labor coercion throughout history. Colonial societies used slavery intensively across the Americas, and slavery remained prevalent in most countries after independence from the European powers. We investigate the impact of slavery on long-run development in Colombia. Our identification strategy compares municipalities that had gold mines during the 17th and 18th centuries to neighboring municipalities without gold mines. Gold mining was a major source of demand for slave labor during colonial times, and all colonial gold mines are now depleted. We find that the historical presence of slavery is associated with increased poverty and reduced school enrollment, vaccination coverage and public good provision. We also find that slavery is associated with higher contemporary land inequality.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Comparative Economics.

Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 534-564

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:40:y:2012:i:4:p:534-564

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622864

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Keywords: Slavery; Public goods;

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References

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  1. Melissa Dell, 2010. "The Persistent Effects of Peru's Mining Mita," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 78(6), pages 1863-1903, November.
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  5. Easterly, William, 2007. "Inequality does cause underdevelopment: Insights from a new instrument," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 755-776, November.
  6. William Easterly & Ross Levine, 2002. "Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 9106, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Christopher F Baum & Mark E. Schaffer & Steven Stillman, 2002. "Instrumental variables and GMM: Estimation and testing," Boston College Working Papers in Economics, Boston College Department of Economics 545, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 14 Feb 2003.
  8. Summerhill, William, 2010. "Colonial Institutions, Slavery, Inequality, and Development: Evidence from São Paulo, Brazil," MPRA Paper 22162, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Canaday, Neil & Tamura, Robert, 2009. "White discrimination in provision of black education: Plantations and towns," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1490-1530, July.
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  11. Thomas J. Kane & Cecilia Rouse & Douglas Staiger, 1999. "Estimating Returns to Schooling When Schooling is Misreported," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 798, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  12. Alston, Lee J & Ferrie, Joseph P, 1993. "Paternalism in Agricultural Labor Contracts in the U.S. South: Implications for the Growth of the Welfare State," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 83(4), pages 852-76, September.
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. All that Glitters Is Not Gold: Gold Mines, Slavery, and Development in Colombia
    by Marc F. Bellemare in Marc F. Bellemare on 2012-06-26 09:00:30

RePEc Biblio mentions

As found on the RePEc Biblio, the curated bibliography for Economics:
  1. > Economic History > Regional Economic History > Latin American Economic History > Economic History of Colombia
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Cited by:
  1. Daron Acemoglu & Francisco Gallego & James A. Robinson, 2014. "Institutions, Human Capital and Development," NBER Working Papers 19933, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Breinlich, Holger & Ottaviano, Gianmarco & Temple, Jonathan, 2013. "Regional Growth and Regional Decline," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 9568, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Rafael José Santos, 2014. "Not all that Glitters Is Gold: Gold Boom, Child Labor and Schooling in Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 012060, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  4. Maloney, William F. & Caicedo, Felipe Valencia, 2012. "The persistence of (subnational) fortune : geography, agglomeration, and institutions in the new world," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 6187, The World Bank.
  5. Grosfeld, Irena & Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina, 2013. "Persistent effects of empires: Evidence from the partitions of Poland," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb), CEPREMAP 1311, CEPREMAP.
  6. Andrea Tesei & Paolo Pinotti & Ruben Durante, 2013. "Voting Alone? The Political and Cultural Consequences of Commercial TV," Sciences Po publications, Sciences Po 2013-10, Sciences Po.
  7. Daron Acemoglu & Camilo García-Jimeno & James A. Robinson, 2014. "State Capacity and Economic Development: A Network Approach," NBER Working Papers 19813, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00795231 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Renato Colistete & Maria Lucia Lamounier, 2014. "Land Inequality in a Coffee Economy: São Paulo During the Early Twentieth Century," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP) 2014_01, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
  10. María Alejandra Arias & Ana María Ibáñez & Andrés Zambrano, 2014. "Agricultural Production Amid Conflict: The Effects of Shocks, Uncertainty, and Governance of Non-State Armed Actors," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 011005, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

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