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Male-female wage differentials in Japan

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  • Miyoshi, Koyo
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    Abstract

    This paper empirically analyzes the gender wage gap in Japan using a new data set KHPS2004 which contains a wealth of information on the work history of individuals. KHPS2004 enables us to estimate wage functions without overstating individual's human capital accumulation by work experience especially for females. Neuman-Oaxaca decomposition method is employed to analyze why the gender wage gap appears to exist in Japan. Main reasons as follows. First, full-time work experience and seniority which affect significantly wages is shorter for females than for males. Second, there are significant differences in evaluation of full-time experience between males and females.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VF1-4P59XB3-3/2/a170d93b6f2ef8e2b2996999a2dccfa1
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Japan and the World Economy.

    Volume (Year): 20 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 479-496

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:japwor:v:20:y:2008:i:4:p:479-496

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505557

    Related research

    Keywords: Gender wage gap Non-nested test;

    References

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    1. Jacob Mincer & Solomon Polacheck, 1974. "Family Investments in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 397-431 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 2001. "Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap," NBER Working Papers 8200, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Mincer, Jacob & Higuchi, Yoshio, 1988. "Wage structures and labor turnover in the United States and Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 97-133, June.
    4. Kawashima, Yoko & Tachibanaki, Toshiaki, 1986. "The effect of discrimination and of industry segmentation on Japanese wage differentials in relation to education," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 43-68, March.
    5. Mincer, Jacob & Polachek, Solomon, 1974. "Family Investment in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(2), pages S76-S108, Part II, .
    6. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G, 1981. "Several Tests for Model Specification in the Presence of Alternative Hypotheses," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(3), pages 781-93, May.
    7. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    8. Oyer, Paul, 2004. "Recall bias among displaced workers," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 397-402, March.
    9. Shoshana Neuman & Ronald Oaxaca, 2004. "Wage Decompositions with Selectivity-Corrected Wage Equations: A Methodological Note," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 3-10, April.
    10. Topel, Robert H, 1991. "Specific Capital, Mobility, and Wages: Wages Rise with Job Seniority," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(1), pages 145-76, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Koyo Miyoshi, 2009. "Labor Supply Behavior of Japanese Husbands and Wives," Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Discussion Paper Series 2009-034, Keio/Kyoto Joint Global COE Program.

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