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Understanding 'local' opposition to wind development in the UK: How big is a backyard?

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  • Jones, Christopher R.
  • Richard Eiser, J.
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    Abstract

    In recognition of the environmental and economic threats posed by climate change; decisive steps are now being taken to stabilise greenhouse gas emissions. One sector receiving particular attention within the UK is that of electricity generation. As such, the government has introduced ambitious targets for increasing renewable generating capacity within the country. Wind turbines are expected to play a significant role in meeting these targets; however, despite high levels of support for the technology in principle, specific projects are often delayed or rejected on account of local opposition. This study aimed to establish how attitudes towards development might vary with respect to increasing distance from the identified sites. Participants were required to register their opinion towards development at a number of on- and off-shore locations in the UK. The results indicated that participants were most favourable to offshore development and least favourable to development at the identified sites. Attitudes to onshore development indicated that so long as a proposed location was anticipated to be 'out of sight' it was considered in relatively general terms. The results are discussed with reference to site visibility and landscape concerns and clearly support calls for a shift towards community-focussed development strategies.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 6 (June)
    Pages: 3106-3117

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:6:p:3106-3117

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

    Related research

    Keywords: NIMBY Wind farm Attitudes;

    References

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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Wieczorek & Simona Negro & Robert Harmsen & Gaston Heimeriks & Lin Luo & Marko Hekkert, 2012. "A Review of the European Offshore Wind Innovation System," Innovation Studies Utrecht (ISU) working paper series 12-04, Utrecht University, Department of Innovation Studies, revised Dec 2012.
    2. Allen, Patricia & Chatterton, Tim, 2013. "Carbon reduction scenarios for 2050: An explorative analysis of public preferences," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 796-808.
    3. Bjarne Steffen, 2011. "Prospects for pumped-hydro storage in Germany," EWL Working Papers 1107, University of Duisburg-Essen, Chair for Management Science and Energy Economics, revised Dec 2011.
    4. Groth, Theresa M. & Vogt, Christine, 2014. "Residents' perceptions of wind turbines: An analysis of two townships in Michigan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 251-260.
    5. Ladenburg, Jacob & Möller, Bernd, 2011. "Attitude and acceptance of offshore wind farms—The influence of travel time and wind farm attributes," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4223-4235.
    6. Jones, Christopher R. & Orr, Barry J. & Eiser, J. Richard, 2011. "When is enough, enough? Identifying predictors of capacity estimates for onshore wind-power development in a region of the UK," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(8), pages 4563-4577, August.
    7. Rae, Callum & Bradley, Fiona, 2012. "Energy autonomy in sustainable communities—A review of key issues," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(9), pages 6497-6506.
    8. Ritchie, Heather & Hardy, Maelíosa & Lloyd, M. Greg & McGreal, Stanley, 2013. "Big Pylons: Mixed signals for transmission. Spatial planning for energy distribution," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 311-320.

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