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Did PRWORA's mandatory school attendance policy increase attendance among targeted teenage girls?

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  • Kim, Jeounghee
  • Joo, Myungkook
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper was to examine if the school-attendance requirement of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) significantly increased attendance among the teenage girls that the policy targeted. This study applied difference-in-difference and difference-in-difference-in-difference methods to 12Â years of cross-sectional data from the October Supplement of the Current Population Survey while isolating the effects of PRWORA from the effects of other factors that might have influenced the target population's school attendance. The findings indicated that PRWORA, overall, did not have significant positive impacts on school attendance; rather, the policy was associated with a small but significant reduction in school attendance of U.S.-born disadvantaged teenage girls between 1996 through 1999 and essentially no effects on the target population thereafter.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Children and Youth Services Review.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 9 (September)
    Pages: 1616-1623

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:33:y:2011:i:9:p:1616-1623

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/childyouth

    Related research

    Keywords: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) School attendance Disadvantaged teenagers Difference-in-difference Current population survey;

    References

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    1. Lingxin Hao & Nan M. Astone & Andrew J. Cherlin, 2004. "Adolescents' formal employment and school enrollment: Effects of state welfare policies," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(4), pages 697-721.
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    7. Wood, Robert G. & Bloom, Dan & Fellerath, Veronica & Long, David, 1995. "Encouraging school enrollment and attendance among teenage parents on welfare: Early impacts of Ohio's LEAP program," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1-2), pages 277-307.
    8. Julian R. Betts & Laurel L. McFarland, 1995. "Safe Port in a Storm: The Impact of Labor Market Conditions on Community College Enrollments," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(4), pages 741-765.
    9. Neeraj Kaushal & Qin Gao & Jane Waldfogel, 2006. "Welfare Reform and Family Expenditures: How are Single Mothers Adapting to the New Welfare and Work Regime?," NBER Working Papers 12624, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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