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Is the US current-account deficit sustainable? The importance of structural breaks in testing sustainability

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  • Dimitris Hatzinikolaou

    ()
    (University of Ioannina, Department of Economics)

  • Theodore Simos

    ()
    (University of Ioannina, Department of Economics)

  • Agathi Tsoka

    ()
    (University of Ioannina, Department of Economics)

Abstract

This paper improves the test for deficit sustainability developed by Hatzinikolaou and Simos (2013, henceforth HS) by taking into account structural breaks when deriving critical values for the test. Using quarterly data on the US current-account deficit, 1947.1-2012.2, we find that taking into account a structural break when testing for cointegration and when estimating a Box-Jenkins model for the derivation of the critical values renders the HS test more powerful than when ignoring the break. Thus, although HS failed to reject sustainability using their full sample period, 1947.1-2010.1, with the updated sample we can reject sustainability at the 10% level.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

Volume (Year): 33 (2013)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 2817-2827

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Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-13-00208

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Keywords: Current-account; sustainability tests; structural break;

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  1. Hatzinikolaou, Dimitris & Simos, Theodore, 2011. "A new test for deficit sustainability and its application to US data," MPRA Paper 45393, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Jan 2012.
  2. Junsoo Lee & Mark C. Strazicich, 2003. "Minimum Lagrange Multiplier Unit Root Test with Two Structural Breaks," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(4), pages 1082-1089, November.
  3. Gonzalo, Jesus, 1994. "Five alternative methods of estimating long-run equilibrium relationships," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 60(1-2), pages 203-233.
  4. Hakkio, Craig S & Rush, Mark, 1991. "Is the Budget Deficit "Too Large?"," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 29(3), pages 429-45, July.
  5. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
  6. Husted, Steven, 1992. "The Emerging U.S. Current Account Deficit in the 1980s: A Cointegration Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(1), pages 159-66, February.
  7. Gregory, Allan W & Hansen, Bruce E, 1996. "Tests for Cointegration in Models with Regime and Trend Shifts," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 58(3), pages 555-60, August.
  8. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
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