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A reassessment of energy and GDP relationship: the case of Australia

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  • Md. Shahiduzzaman

    ()

  • Khorshed Alam

    ()

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the long- and short-run relationships between energy consumption and economic growth in Australia using the bound testing and the ARDL approach. The analytical framework utilized in this paper includes both production and demand side models and a unified model comprising both production and demand side variables. The energy–GDP relationships are investigated at aggregate as well as several disaggregated energy categories, such as coal, oil, gas and electricity. The possibilities of one or more structural break(s) in the data series are examined by applying the recent advances in techniques. We find that the results of the cointegration tests could be affected by the structural break(s) in the data. It is, therefore, crucial to incorporate the information on structural break(s) in the subsequent modelling and inferences. Moreover, neither the production side nor the demand side framework alone can provide sufficient information to draw an ultimate conclusion on the cointegration and causal direction between energy and output. When alternative frameworks and structural break(s) in time series are explored properly, strong evidence of a bidirectional relationship between energy and output can be observed. The finding is true at both the aggregate and the disaggregate levels of energy consumption. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10668-013-9479-4
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Environment, Development and Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 16 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 2 (April)
    Pages: 323-344

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:endesu:v:16:y:2014:i:2:p:323-344

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/10668

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    Related research

    Keywords: Energy consumption; GDP; Cointegration; Causality;

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