Effective area as a measure of land factor
AbstractEmpirical studies use the total area as a measure of land factor. This measure is flawed as it ignores the effectiveness of that total area. We develop an estimator of effective area based on spatial population distribution. The empirical application for the OECD countries highlights the advantages of the United States in land factor and shows that Eastern European countries have the highest proportion of effective area. The estimation also supports Helpman's view: if population density increases, population disperses.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.
Volume (Year): 32 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Effective area; estimator; land; population; economic geography.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs
- R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
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