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Effective area as a measure of land factor

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  • Régis Chenavaz

    ()
    (ESG Management School, Paris)

  • Octavio Escobar

    ()
    (ESG Management School, Paris)

Abstract

Empirical studies use the total area as a measure of land factor. This measure is flawed as it ignores the effectiveness of that total area. We develop an estimator of effective area based on spatial population distribution. The empirical application for the OECD countries highlights the advantages of the United States in land factor and shows that Eastern European countries have the highest proportion of effective area. The estimation also supports Helpman's view: if population density increases, population disperses.

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File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/Pubs/EB/2012/Volume32/EB-12-V32-I3-P190.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

Volume (Year): 32 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 1962-1969

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Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-12-00091

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Keywords: Effective area; estimator; land; population; economic geography.;

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  1. Marius BRÜLHART & Federica SBERGAMI, 2008. "Agglomeration and Growth : Cross-Country Evidence," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 08.04, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  2. Marcy Burchfield & Henry G. Overman & Diego Puga & Matthew A. Turner, 2006. "Causes of Sprawl: A Portrait from Space," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 121(2), pages 587-633, May.
  3. Vernon Henderson & Adam Storeygard & David N. Weil, 2011. "A Bright Idea for Measuring Economic Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(3), pages 194-99, May.
  4. Antonio Ciccone & Robert E. Hall, 1995. "Productivity and the density of economic activity," Economics Working Papers 120, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  5. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Real National Income," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(1), pages 19-39, February.
  6. Escobar Gamboa, Octavio Romano, 2010. "The (un)lucky neighbour: Differences in export performance across Mexico's states," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10604, Paris Dauphine University.
  7. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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