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Do exports act as “engine” of growth? Evidence from Malaysia

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  • Fumitaka Furuoka

    ()
    (Universiti Malaysia Sabah)

Abstract

For decades, the conventional wisdom for a developing nation striving to achieve an impressive economic growth has been to carve a niche in the global marketplace. However, empirical findings of various research studies on the “export-led growth” hypothesis do not provide a solid evidence to support this viewpoint. The current paper chooses one of the “East Asian Miracle” economies, Malaysia, to empirically examine whether exports act as the “engine” of growth. The results of the empirical analysis do not support the “export-led growth” hypothesis. Rather, they lead to a conclusion that there exists a “virtuous cycle” or mutually reinforcing relationship between Malaysia's exports and GDP in the long run. The findings also detected unidirectional short run causality from GDP to exports, but not vice versa. This means that the increase in Malaysia''s export tends to be an effect, and not the cause, of the country''s output expansion.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

Volume (Year): 6 (2007)
Issue (Month): 38 ()
Pages: 1-14

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Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-07f40023

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  1. Jung, Woo S. & Marshall, Peyton J., 1985. "Exports, growth and causality in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 1-12.
  2. Hausmann, Ricardo & Rodrik, Dani, 2002. "Economic Development as Self Discovery," CEPR Discussion Papers 3356, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Michaely, Michael, 1977. "Exports and growth : An empirical investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 49-53, February.
  4. Jaleel Ahmad & Somchai Harnhirun, 1996. "Cointegration and Causality between Exports and Economic Growth: Evidence from the ASEAN Countries," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(s1), pages 413-16, April.
  5. Feder, Gershon, 1983. "On exports and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1-2), pages 59-73.
  6. Jim Love & Ramesh Chandra, 2005. "Testing export-led growth in South Asia," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(2), pages 132-145, May.
  7. Ricardo, David, 1821. "On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, edition 3, number ricardo1821.
  8. Balassa, Bela, 1978. "Exports and economic growth : Further evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 181-189, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Lean, Hooi Hooi & Smyth, Russell, 2010. "On the dynamics of aggregate output, electricity consumption and exports in Malaysia: Evidence from multivariate Granger causality tests," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(6), pages 1963-1971, June.
  2. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Pervaz, Azeem & Ahmad, Khalil, 2011. "Exports-led growth hypothesis in Pakistan: further evidence," MPRA Paper 33617, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 18 Sep 2011.
  3. Akmal, Muhammad Shahbaz & Ahmad, Khalil & Ali, Muhammad, 2009. "Exports-Led Growth Hypothesis in Pakistan: Further Evidence," MPRA Paper 16043, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. pazim, Khairul Hanim, 2009. "Panel data analysis of “Export-led” Growth Hypothesis in BIMP-EAGA Countries," MPRA Paper 13264, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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