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Die Förderung der beruflichen Weiterbildung und ihre Reform

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  • Hilmar Schneider

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effectiveness of training programs for the unemployed before and after the Hartz reforms. The results are indicating that training programs are performing better than commonly believed. However, their positive impact in terms of employment probability is weak, which might cause a seemingly negative effect in a short-term perspective, due to the locking-in effect. Since training is only slightly increasing the employment prospects of participants, it might take years until this is reflected in an employment probability being higher for participants than for non-participants. The length of the underlying observation period is thus becoming crucial for the result. This might also to a large extent explain the contradictory results in the existing literature. It appears that the effectiveness of most training measures has substantially improved after the reform. This is due to the introduction of better quality management, stronger competition among the suppliers of training, and more freedom of choice for the unemployed. However, a cost-benefit analysis shows that the training investment is still not beneficial for the unemployment insurance, at least in a short-term perspective. Der Beitrag analysiert die Wirksamkeit der Förderung beruflicher Weiterbildung im Rahmen der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik vor und nach den Hartz-Reformen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass berufliche Weiterbildung besser ist als ihr Ruf. Die positiven Effekte sind allerdings eher schwach, was aufgrund des Locking-In-Effekts bei der üblichen methodischen Vorgehensweise in kurzfristiger Betrachtung scheinbar negative Effekte hervorrufen kann. Wenn die Beschäftigungswahrscheinlichkeit durch die Maßnahmenteilnahme nur geringfügig verbessert wird, kann es Jahre dauern, bis sich dieser Effekt in einer höheren Beschäftigungswahrscheinlichkeit der Teilnehmer niederschlägt. Die Länge des Untersuchungszeitraums spielt daher eine sehr wesentliche Rolle für die Ergebnisse. Hierin dürfte auch eine wesentliche Ursache für die bisher eher widersprüchlichen Befunde zur Wirkung von FbW in der Literatur zu finden sein. Durch die Reform hat sich die Effektivität fast aller Weiterbildungsmaßnahmen spürbar verbessert. Dies beruht auf besserem Qualitätsmanagement, stärkerem Wettbewerb unter den Bildungsträgern und mehr Konsumentensouveränität. Die mit der Reform einhergehende Teilnehmerselektion scheint für das Ergebnis eher von untergeordneter Bedeutung zu sein. Eine Kosten-Nutzenanalyse zeigt allerdings, dass sich die Investition in berufliche Weiterbildung für die Arbeitslosenversicherung zumindest kurzfristig nach wie vor nicht rechnet.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 75 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 85-96

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:75-3-6

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  1. Michael Lechner & Ruth Miquel & Conny Wunsch, 2005. "The Curse and Blessing of Training the Unemployed in a Changing Economy: The Case of East Germany after Unification," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2005, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen 2005-15, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
  2. Michael Lechner & Ruth Miquel & Conny Wunsch, 2011. "Long‐Run Effects Of Public Sector Sponsored Training In West Germany," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 742-784, 08.
  3. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:37:i:2:p:146-175 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Bernd Fitzenberger & Reinhard Hujer, 2002. "Stand und Perspektiven der Evaluation der Aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 3(2), pages 139-158, 05.
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Cited by:
  1. Eichhorst, Werner & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2007. "Dann waren's nur noch vier… Wie viele (und welche) Maßnahmen der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik brauchen wir noch? Eine Bilanz nach der Evaluation der Hartz-Reformen," IZA Discussion Papers 2605, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Werner Eichhorst & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "And Then There Were Four...How Many (and Which) Measures of Active Labor Market Policy Do We Still Need?," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 53(3), pages 243-272.
  3. Eichhorst, Werner, 2007. "Report No. 13: Wachstumsaspekte der Arbeitsmarktpolitik - Von den Nachbarn lernen," IZA Research Reports 13, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Doerr, Annabelle & Kruppe, Thomas, 2012. "Bildungsgutscheine und Zertifizierung aus Sicht der Arbeitsverwaltung : Umfrageergebnisse aus der Bundesagentur für Arbeit," IAB-Forschungsbericht, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 201206, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  5. Ebbinghaus, Bernhard & Eichhorst, Werner, 2006. "Employment Regulation and Labor Market Policy in Germany, 1991-2005," IZA Discussion Papers 2505, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Werner Eichhorst & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "And Then There Were Four ...: How Many (and Which) Measures of Active Labor Market Policy Do We Still Need? ; Finding a Balance after the Evaluation of the Hartz Reforms in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 685, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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